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Credit Supply: Identifying Balance-Sheet Channels with Loan Applications and Granted Loans

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  • Jiménez, Gabriel
  • Ongena, Steven
  • Peydró-Alcalde, José Luis
  • Saurina, Jesús

Abstract

To identify credit availability we analyze the extensive and intensive margins of lending with loan applications and all loans granted in Spain. We find that both worse economic and tighter monetary conditions reduce loan granting, especially to firms or from banks with lower capital or liquidity ratios. Moreover, responding to applications for the same loan, weak banks are less likely to grant the loan. Our results suggest that firms cannot offset the resultant credit restriction by turning to other banks. Importantly the bank-lending channel is notably stronger when we account for unobserved time-varying firm heterogeneity in loan demand and quality.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 7655.

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Date of creation: Jan 2010
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:7655

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Keywords: credit supply; financial accelerator; firm borrowing capacity; non-financial and financial borrower balance-sheet channels;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Athanasoglou, Panayiotis P. & Daniilidis, Ioannis & Delis, Manthos D., 2014. "Bank procyclicality and output: Issues and policies," Journal of Economics and Business, Elsevier, vol. 72(C), pages 58-83.
  2. Puri, Manju & Rocholl, Jörg & Steffen, Sascha, 2011. "Global retail lending in the aftermath of the US financial crisis: Distinguishing between supply and demand effects," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 100(3), pages 556-578, June.
  3. Roman Horvath & Anca Maria Podpiera, 2009. "Heterogeneity in Bank Pricing Policies: The Czech Evidence," Working Papers 2009/8, Czech National Bank, Research Department.
  4. Junxun Dai, 2013. "Capital Constraints and the Credit Structure of Commercial Banks: Evidence from China," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 0(4), pages 109-123, December.
  5. Panayiotis P. Athanasoglou & Ioannis Daniilidis, 2011. "Procyclicality in the banking industry: causes, consequences and response," Working Papers 139, Bank of Greece.
  6. Cotugno, Matteo & Monferrà, Stefano & Sampagnaro, Gabriele, 2013. "Relationship lending, hierarchical distance and credit tightening: Evidence from the financial crisis," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 37(5), pages 1372-1385.
  7. Coffinet, Jérôme & Coudert, Virginie & Pop, Adrian & Pouvelle, Cyril, 2012. "Two-way interplays between capital buffers and credit growth: Evidence from French banks," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 22(5), pages 1110-1125.
  8. Milcheva, Stanimira, 2013. "A bank lending channel or a credit supply shock?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 37(C), pages 314-332.
  9. Ostergaard, Charlotte & Sasson, Amir & Sørensen, Bent E, 2011. "The marginal value of cash, cash flow sensitivities, and bank-finance shocks in nonlisted firms," CEPR Discussion Papers 8278, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  10. Kobayashi, Teruyoshi, 2011. "Firm entry, credit availability and monetary policy," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 35(8), pages 1245-1272, August.
  11. Christa Hainz, 2011. "Measuring Information Sharing in Credit Markets," CESifo DICE Report, Ifo Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 9(1), pages 21-27, 05.

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