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Intrahousehold Allocation of Education Expenditure: The Case of Sri Lanka

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  • Rozana Himaz

Abstract

This article uses conventional Engel curve demand analysis, as well as a double hurdle model, to explore whether there are intrahousehold differentials in the allocation of education expenditure between boys and girls in rural Sri Lanka. Contrary to the case in most developing countries, in Sri Lanka, there was a significant bias favoring girls for 1990-91 and 1995-96 for age group categories 8-9, 14-16, and 17-19, and in 2000 for age group categories 14-16 and 17-19. Significant differences in enrollment favoring girls aged 17-19 explain part of the girl bias observed in 1990-91 and 2000-2001, but most of the bias is driven by positive expenditure given enrollment. The biases favoring girls are observed at critical stages of the schooling career in the run-up to key national exams. The 8-9 age group captures the run-up to the year 5 scholarship exams that are used to gain entry to the better-performing secondary schools. The 14-16 and 17-19 age groups capture those who read for important national-level qualifications that are vital for the job market. This article also looks at various possible explanations for the bias. (c) 2010 by The University of Chicago. All rights reserved..

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by University of Chicago Press in its journal Economic Development and Cultural Change.

Volume (Year): 58 (2010)
Issue (Month): 2 (01)
Pages: 231-258

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Handle: RePEc:ucp:ecdecc:v:58:y:2010:i:2:p:231-258

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Web page: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/EDCC/

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Cited by:
  1. Pallegedara, Asankha, 2011. "Demand for private tuition classes under the free education policy. Evidence based on Sri Lanka," MPRA Paper 31969, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  2. Mehtabul Azam & Geeta Kingdon, 2011. "Are girls the fairer sex in India? Revisiting intra-household allocation of education expenditure," CSAE Working Paper Series 2011-10, Centre for the Study of African Economies, University of Oxford.
  3. Rozana Himaz & Harsha Aturupane, 2011. "Education and Household Welfare in Sri Lanka from 1985 to 2006," Economics Series Working Papers 527, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
  4. Himaz, Rozana, 2009. "Is there a boy bias in household education expenditure: the case of Andhra Pradesh in India," MPRA Paper 21889, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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