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The evolution of secularization: cultural transmission, religion and fertility—theory, simulations and evidence

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  • Ronen Bar-El
  • Teresa García-Muñoz
  • Shoshana Neuman

    ()

  • Yossef Tobol

Abstract

This study presents an evolutionary process of secularization assuming that cultural/social/religious norms (in particular the ‘religious taste for children’) are transmitted from one generation to the next via two venues: (i) direct socialization—across generations, by parents; and (ii) oblique socialization—within generations, by the cultural environment. The paper integrates a theoretical model, simulations and an empirical estimation, that lead to the following main findings: (i) direct religious socialization efforts of one generation have a negative effect on secularization within the next generation; (ii) oblique socialization by the community has a parabolic effect on secularization; and (iii) the two types of socialization are complementary in ‘producing’ religiosity in the next generation. Copyright Springer-Verlag 2013

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Springer in its journal Journal of Population Economics.

Volume (Year): 26 (2013)
Issue (Month): 3 (July)
Pages: 1129-1174

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Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:26:y:2013:i:3:p:1129-1174

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Keywords: Secularization; Cultural transmission; Fertility; J11; J13; Z10;

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