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The Impact of Worker Effort on Public Sentiment Towards Temporary Migrants

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  • Epstein, Gil S.

    ()
    (Bar-Ilan University)

  • Venturini, Alessandra

    ()
    (University of Turin)

Abstract

Temporary and circular migration programs have been devised by many destination countries and supported by the European Commission as a policy to reduce welfare and social costs of immigration in destination countries. In this paper we present an additional reason for proposing temporary migration policies based on the characteristics of the foreign labor-effort supply. The level of effort exerted by migrants, which decreases over their duration in the host country, positively affects production, real wages and capital owners' profits. We show that the acceptance of job offers by migrants result in the displacement in employment of national workers. However it increases the workers' exertion, decreases prices and thus can counter anti-immigrant voter sentiment. Therefore, the favorable sentiment of the capital owners and the local population towards migrants may rise when temporary migration policies are adopted.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5658.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: Apr 2011
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Research in Labor Economics, 2011, 33, 239-261
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5658

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Keywords: exertion of effort; contracted temporary migration; migration;

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