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School-to-Work Transitions in Mongolia

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  • Francesco Pastore

Abstract

Relatively little is known about the youth labour market in Mongolia. This paper addresses the issue by taking advantage of a recent ad hoc School to Work Transition Survey (SWTS) on young people aged 15-29 years carried out in 2006. After a period of sharp reduction in the 1990s, educational attainment is increasing, as compared to other countries in the area. Nonetheless, important constraints seem to affect the supply of education, especially in rural areas. In addition, as application of the new ILO school-to-work transition classification shows, the country is unable to provide young people with a sufficient number of decent jobs. This translates into high youth unemployment in urban areas and very low productivity jobs in rural areas. Mincerian estimates confirm that human capital is an important determinant of earnings in urban, but not in rural areas.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Cattaneo University (LIUC) in its journal The European Journal of Comparative Economics.

Volume (Year): 6 (2009)
Issue (Month): 2 (December)
Pages: 245-264

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Handle: RePEc:liu:liucej:v:6:y:2009:i:2:p:245-264

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Keywords: Economic Transition from Plan to Market; School to Work Transitions; Youth Labour Supply and Demand; Earnings; Gender Pay Gap; Urban/Rural Divide; Mongolia;

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Tehmina Khan & Monazza Aslam, 2013. "Mongolia : Gender Disparities in Labor Markets and Policy Suggestions," World Bank Other Operational Studies 16500, The World Bank.
  2. Caroleo, Floro Ernesto, 2012. "Il difficile passaggio verso il lavoro dei giovani che lasciano la scuola: quali possibili politiche?
    [The hard access to the labour market of youth leaving school: what policy choices?]
    ," MPRA Paper 37645, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  3. Ronnås, Per, 2011. "Challenges for achieving job-rich and inclusive growth in Mongolia," ILO Working Papers, International Labour Organization 465844, International Labour Organization.
  4. Erkhemchimeg Byambasuren & Almas Heshmati, 2010. "Economic Development in Mongolia," TEMEP Discussion Papers, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP) 201053, Seoul National University; Technology Management, Economics, and Policy Program (TEMEP), revised Feb 2010.
  5. Francesco Pastore & Sarosh Sattar & Erwin Tiongson, 2013. "Gender differences in earnings and labor supply in early career: evidence from Kosovo’s school-to-work transition survey," IZA Journal of Labor & Development, Springer, Springer, vol. 2(1), pages 1-34, December.
  6. Michele Mosca & Francesco Pastore, 2009. "Wage Effects of Recruitment Methods: The Case of the Italian Social Service Sector," AIEL Series in Labour Economics, AIEL - Associazione Italiana Economisti del Lavoro, in: Marco Musella & Sergio Destefanis (ed.), Paid and Unpaid Labour in the Social Economy. An International Perspective, edition 1, chapter 8, pages 115-141 AIEL - Associazione Italiana Economisti del Lavoro.

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