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Financial globalization: gain and pain for developing countries

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  • Sergio L. Schmukler

Abstract

Economies around the world are becoming increasingly interconnected by the unprecedented breadth and depth of financial globalization. Developed countries tend to be most actively involved in cross-country capital movement, but in recent years developing countries have begun to participate in the process. ; This article focuses on the integration of developing countries into the international financial system. It examines recent developments and the principal agents of financial globalization as well as globalization’s effect on the domestic financial sector. Financial liberalization tends to develop the financial system, enhancing financing opportunities, reducing the cost of capital, and increasing investment and liquidity. But global financial interconnectedness also carries with it some risks, especially in the short run, because it tends to intensify a country’s sensitivity to foreign shocks. ; For policymakers, the challenges center on maximizing the advantages that globalization presents while minimizing the risks. Governments participating in financial globalization tend to have fewer policy options and to become more reliant on international financial policies.> As the line between foreign and domestic capital blurs, a country’s successful participation in financial globalization will require strong economic fundamentals and a properly regulated and supervised financial system. A primary challenge of globalization, the author concludes, is to integrate all sectors and countries because nonparticipants are at a disadvantage.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta in its journal Economic Review.

Volume (Year): (2004)
Issue (Month): Q 2 ()
Pages: 39 - 66

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Handle: RePEc:fip:fedaer:y:2004:i:q2:p:39-66:n:v.89no.2

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Keywords: Economic stabilization ; Globalization;

References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Asongu Simplice, 2011. "Political Crises and Risk of Financial Contagion in Developing Countries: Evidence from Africa," Working Papers 11/003, African Governance and Development Institute..
  2. Prasad, Eswar & Rajan, Raghuram G., 2008. "A Pragmatic Approach to Capital Account Liberalization," IZA Discussion Papers 3475, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Guidi, Francesco & Gupta, Rakesh, 2010. "Cointegration and conditional correlations among German and Eastern Europe equity markets," MPRA Paper 21732, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  4. Simplice A, Asongu, 2011. "Globalization, financial crisis and contagion: time-dynamic evidence from financial markets of developing countries," MPRA Paper 30120, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  5. Simplice A., Asongu, 2011. "The 2011 Japanese earthquake, tsunami and nuclear crisis: evidence of contagion from international financial markets," MPRA Paper 39630, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  6. Kerstin Gerling, 2008. "The Real Consequences of Financial Market Integration when Countries Are Heterogeneous," Working Papers, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank) 141, Oesterreichische Nationalbank (Austrian Central Bank).
  7. Kose, M. Ayhan & Prasad, Eswar & Rogoff, Kenneth & Wei, Shang-Jin, 2009. "Financial Globalization and Economic Policies," IZA Discussion Papers 4037, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Augusto de la Torre & Sergio L. Schmukler, 2007. "Emerging Capital Markets and Globalization : The Latin American Experience," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 7187, August.
  9. Zhang, Bing & Li, Xiao-Ming, 2014. "Has there been any change in the comovement between the Chinese and US stock markets?," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 29(C), pages 525-536.
  10. Frederic S. Mishkin, 2007. "Is Financial Globalization Beneficial?," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 39(2-3), pages 259-294, 03.
  11. Gupta, R. & Donleavy, G.D., 2009. "Benefits of diversifying investments into emerging markets with time-varying correlations: An Australian perspective," Journal of Multinational Financial Management, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 19(2), pages 160-177, April.
  12. Tulbure, Narcis & Catarama, Delia, 2009. "Institutional and Socio-Cultural Factors Explaining the Development of Mutual Funds. A Cross-Country Analysis," MPRA Paper 20341, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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