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Prospective deficits and the asian currency crisis

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  • Burnside, Craig
  • Eichenbaum, Martin
  • Rebelo, Sergio

Abstract

The authors argue that the recent Asian currency crisis was caused by large prospective fiscal deficits associated with implicit bailout guarantees to failing banking systems. They articulate this view using a simple dynamic general equilibrium model, whose key feature is that a speculative attack is inevitable once the present value of future government deficit rises. This is true regardless of the government's foreign reserves position or the initial level of its debt. The government cannot prevent a speculative attack but it can affect its timing. The longer the delay, the higher inflation will be under flexible exchange rates. The authors present empirical evidence in support of the two key assumptions of their model: 1) Large losses in the banking sector were associated with large increases in Asian governments'prospective deficits. 2) The public knew that the banks were in trouble before the currency crisis.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by The World Bank in its series Policy Research Working Paper Series with number 2174.

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Date of creation: 30 Sep 1999
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Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2174

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Keywords: Sustainable Land and Crop Management; General Technology; Knowledge Economy; International Terrorism&Counterterrorism; Information Technology; Environmental Economics&Policies; Macroeconomic Management; Banks&Banking Reform; Economic Stabilization; Economic Theory&Research;

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References

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  1. Michael P. Dooley, 1997. "A Model of Crises in Emerging Markets," NBER Working Papers 6300, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
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  23. Flood, Robert P. & Garber, Peter M., 1984. "Collapsing exchange-rate regimes : Some linear examples," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, Elsevier, vol. 17(1-2), pages 1-13, August.
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