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Distribution Costs and Real Exchange Rate Dynamics During Exchange-Rate-Based-Stabilizations

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  • Ariel T. Burstein
  • Joao C. Neves
  • Sergio Rebelo

Abstract

This paper studies the role played by the distribution sector in shaping the behavior of the real exchange rate during exchange-rate-based-stabilizations. We use data for the U.S. and Argentina to document the importance of distribution margins in retail prices and disaggregated price data to study price dynamics in the aftermath of Argentina's 1991 Convertibility plan. Distribution services require local labor and land so they drive a natural wedge between retail prices in different countries. We study in detail the impact of introducing a distribution sector in an otherwise standard model of exchange-rate-based-stabilizations. We show that this simple extension improves dramatically the ability of the model to rationalize observed real exchange rate dynamics.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 7862.

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Date of creation: Aug 2000
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Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:7862

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