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The merits of separating cars and trucks

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Author Info

  • de Palma, André
  • Kilani, Moez
  • Lindsey, Robin

Abstract

Truck-only lanes and tollways are under study as tools to combat road congestion, enhance safety and reduce other external costs of road traffic. This paper investigates the potential benefits from separating cars and trucks onto different lanes or routes while treating road infrastructure as given. The benefits are found to depend on several factors: the relative volumes of cars and trucks, the congestion delay and safety hazards that each vehicle type imposes, values of travel time for each type, and lane capacity indivisibilities. The optimal assignment of vehicles to road capacity can be supported using tolls that are differentiated by vehicle type and lane. Lane access restrictions usually cannot support the optimum and may well provide no benefit at all. Creating a toll lane for one vehicle type is generally more effective. The benefits of all forms of intervention are sensitive to whether the proportions of cars and trucks are commensurate with lane capacities.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Urban Economics.

Volume (Year): 64 (2008)
Issue (Month): 2 (September)
Pages: 340-361

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Handle: RePEc:eee:juecon:v:64:y:2008:i:2:p:340-361

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/622905

Related research

Keywords: Truck-only facilities Toll lanes Congestion Accidents Capacity indivisibilities;

References

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  1. DE BORGER, Bruno & PROOST, Stef & VAN DENDER, Kurt, 2004. "Congestion and tax competition in a parallel network," CORE Discussion Papers 2004018, Université catholique de Louvain, Center for Operations Research and Econometrics (CORE).
  2. Small, Kenneth & Yan, Jia, 2000. "The Value of "Value Pricing" of Roads: Second-Best Pricing and Product Differentiation," Discussion Papers dp-00-08, Resources For the Future.
  3. Dahlgren, Joy, 2002. "High-occupancy/toll lanes: where should they be implemented?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 239-255, March.
  4. De Borger, B. & Dunkerley, F. & Proost, S., 2007. "Strategic investment and pricing decisions in a congested transport corridor," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 62(2), pages 294-316, September.
  5. Jan Rouwendal & Erik T. Verhoef & Piet Rietveld & Bert Zwart, 2000. "A Stochastic Model of Congestion caused by Speed Differences," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 00-091/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  6. Parry, Ian W.H., 2008. "How should heavy-duty trucks be taxed?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 63(2), pages 651-668, March.
  7. Dahlgren, Joy, 1998. "High occupancy vehicle lanes: Not always more effective than general purpose lanes," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 99-114, February.
  8. White, Michelle J, 2004. "The "Arms Race" on American Roads: The Effect of Sport Utility Vehicles and Pickup Trucks on Traffic Safety," Journal of Law and Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 47(2), pages 333-55, October.
  9. Ted Gayer, 2004. "The Fatality Risks of Sport-Utility Vehicles, Vans, and Pickups Relative to Cars," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 103-133, 03.
  10. Verhoef, Erik T. & Rouwendal, Jan & Rietveld, Piet, 1999. "Congestion Caused by Speed Differences," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 45(3), pages 533-556, May.
  11. Yang, Hai & Huang, Hai-Jun, 1999. "Carpooling and congestion pricing in a multilane highway with high-occupancy-vehicle lanes," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 33(2), pages 139-155, February.
  12. Arnott, Richard & de Palma, Andre & Lindsey, Robin, 1992. "Route choice with heterogeneous drivers and group-specific congestion costs," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 71-102, March.
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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Quentin David & Renaud Foucart, 2012. "Modal choice and optimal congestion," CREA Discussion Paper Series 12-03, Center for Research in Economic Analysis, University of Luxembourg.
  2. Ian W.H. Parry & Jon Strand, 2011. "International Fuel Tax Assessment: An Application to Chile," IMF Working Papers 11/168, International Monetary Fund.
  3. Kutzbach, Mark J., 2009. "Motorization in developing countries: Causes, consequences, and effectiveness of policy options," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 65(2), pages 154-166, March.
  4. Parry, Ian W.H. & Timilsina, Govinda R., 2008. "How Should Passenger Travel in Mexico City Be Priced?," Discussion Papers dp-08-17, Resources For the Future.
  5. Light, Thomas, 2009. "Optimal highway design and user welfare under value pricing," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 66(2), pages 116-124, September.
  6. Levi Vermote & Cathy Macharis & Koen Putman, 2013. "A Road Network for Freight Transport in Flanders: Multi-Actor Multi-Criteria Assessment of Alternative Ring Ways," Sustainability, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(10), pages 4222-4246, September.

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