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The economics of truck toll lanes

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Author Info

  • André de Palma

    ()
    (Université de Cergy-Pontoise, ENPC, CORE and Member of the Institut Universitaire de France, THEMA)

  • Moez Kilani

    ()
    (Université de Sousse, Sousse, TUNISIA)

  • Robin Lindsey

    ()
    (Department of Economics, University of Alberta, Edmonton, Alberta, CANADA)

Abstract

Truck-only lanes and tollways have been promoted as a way to combat road congestion, enhance safety and reduce pavement damage. This paper explores one aspect of truck lanes by considering whether there are advantages in separating cars and trucks. The benefits of vehicle separation are found to depend on several factors: the relative volumes of cars and trucks, the congestion delay and safety hazards that each type of vehicle imposes, values of travel time for cars and trucks, and lane capacity indivisibilities. The optimal assignment of vehicles to lanes can be supported using tolls that are differentiated by vehicle type and route. By contrast, lane access restrictions generally cannot support the optimum and may provide no benefit at all.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by THEMA (THéorie Economique, Modélisation et Applications), Université de Cergy-Pontoise in its series THEMA Working Papers with number 2007-13.

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Date of creation: 2007
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Handle: RePEc:ema:worpap:2007-13

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Keywords: truck-only facilities; segregation; congestion; accidents; marginal-cost pricing;

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References

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  1. Parry, Ian W.H., 2006. "How Should Heavy-Duty Trucks Be Taxed?," Discussion Papers dp-06-23, Resources For the Future.
  2. Jan Rouwendal & Erik Verhoef & Piet Rietveld & Bert Zwart, 2002. "A Stochastic Model of Congestion Caused by Speed Differences," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, London School of Economics and University of Bath, vol. 36(3), pages 407-445, September.
  3. Arnott, Richard & de Palma, Andre & Lindsey, Robin, 1992. "Route choice with heterogeneous drivers and group-specific congestion costs," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 71-102, March.
  4. Ted Gayer, 2004. "The Fatality Risks of Sport-Utility Vehicles, Vans, and Pickups Relative to Cars," Journal of Risk and Uncertainty, Springer, vol. 28(2), pages 103-133, 03.
  5. Erik Verhoef & Jan Rouwendal & Piet Rietveld, 1997. "Congestion caused by Speed Differences," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 97-105/3, Tinbergen Institute.
  6. Small, K.A. & Gomez-Ibanez, J.A., 1996. "Urban Transportation," Papers 95-96-4, California Irvine - School of Social Sciences.
  7. Small, Kenneth A. & Yan, Jia, 2001. "The Value of "Value Pricing" of Roads: Second-Best Pricing and Product Differentiation," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt9569k1sz, University of California Transportation Center.
  8. Erik T. Verhoef & Kenneth A. Small, 2004. "Product Differentiation on Roads," Journal of Transport Economics and Policy, London School of Economics and University of Bath, vol. 38(1), pages 127-156, January.
  9. Dahlgren, Joy, 2002. "High-occupancy/toll lanes: where should they be implemented?," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 36(3), pages 239-255, March.
  10. Richard Arnott & Andre de Palma & Robin Lindsey, 1995. "Recent Developments in the Bottleneck Model," Boston College Working Papers in Economics 305., Boston College Department of Economics.
  11. Dahlgren, Joy, 1998. "High occupancy vehicle lanes: Not always more effective than general purpose lanes," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 99-114, February.
  12. Barro, Robert J & Romer, Paul M, 1987. "Ski-Lift Pricing, with Applications to Labor and Other," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 77(5), pages 875-90, December.
  13. Brozovic, Nicholas & Ando, Amy Whritenour, 2009. "Defensive purchasing, the safety (dis)advantage of light trucks, and motor-vehicle policy effectiveness," Transportation Research Part B: Methodological, Elsevier, vol. 43(5), pages 477-493, June.
  14. Small, Kenneth A., 2001. "The Value of Pricing," University of California Transportation Center, Working Papers qt0rm449sx, University of California Transportation Center.
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Cited by:
  1. Holgun-Veras, Jos & Cetin, Mecit, 2009. "Optimal tolls for multi-class traffic: Analytical formulations and policy implications," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 43(4), pages 445-467, May.

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