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How Should Passenger Travel in Mexico City Be Priced?

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  • Parry, Ian W.H.

    ()
    (Resources for the Future)

  • Timilsina, Govinda R.

Abstract

This paper uses an analytical-simulation model to examine the optimal extent and welfare effects of pricing reforms for passenger transportation in Mexico City. The model incorporates travel by auto, microbus, public bus, and rail, plus externalities from local and global air pollution, traffic congestion, and road accidents. In our benchmark case, the optimal gasoline tax is $2.72 (29.6 pesos) per gallon, or 16 times the current tax. However, a per-mile toll would reduce traffic congestion, the largest externality, more directly, and we put the optimized auto toll at 20.3 cents per mile. Tolls should also be imposed on microbuses even though the welfare gains are relatively modest, as are those from reforming public transit fares.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Resources For the Future in its series Discussion Papers with number dp-08-17.

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Date of creation: 15 Jun 2008
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Handle: RePEc:rff:dpaper:dp-08-17

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Keywords: gasoline taxes; mileage tolls; transit subsidy; pollution; congestion; Mexico City; welfare effects;

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References

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Citations

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Cited by:
  1. Dulal, Hari Bansha & Shah, Kalim U. & Sapkota, Chandan & Uma, Gengaiah & Kandel, Bibek R., 2013. "Renewable energy diffusion in Asia: Can it happen without government support?," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 301-311.
  2. Cravioto, Jordi & Yamasue, Eiji & Okumura, Hideyuki & Ishihara, Keiichi N., 2013. "Road transport externalities in Mexico: Estimates and international comparisons," Transport Policy, Elsevier, vol. 30(C), pages 63-76.
  3. Georg Hirte & Stefan Tscharaktschiew, 2012. "The optimal subsidy on electric vehicles in a metropolitan area - a SCGE study for Germany," ERSA conference papers ersa12p324, European Regional Science Association.
  4. Antón-Sarabia, Arturo & Hernández-Trillo, Fausto, 2014. "Optimal gasoline tax in developing, oil-producing countries: The case of Mexico," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 67(C), pages 564-571.
  5. Parry, Ian W.H. & Timilsina, Govinda R., 2012. "Demand side instruments to reduce road transportation externalities in the greater Cairo metropolitan area," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6083, The World Bank.
  6. Mansur, Erin T. & Olmstead, Sheila M., 2006. "The Value of Scarce Water: Measuring the Inefficiency of Municipal Regulations," Working paper 228, Regulation2point0.
  7. Blackman, Allen & Osakwe, Rebecca & Alpizar, Francisco, 2009. "Fuel Tax Incidence in Developing Countries: The Case of Costa Rica," Discussion Papers dp-09-24-efd, Resources For the Future.
  8. Anas, Alex & Timilsina, Govinda R. & Zheng, Siqi, 2009. "An analysis of various policy instruments to reduce congestion, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions in Beijing," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5068, The World Bank.
  9. Fullerton, Thomas M., Jr. & Munoz Sapien, Gabriel & Barraza de Anda, Martha P. & Dominguez Ruvalcaba, Lisbeily, 2011. "Dinámica del Consumo de Gasolina en Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua
    [Gasoline Consumption Dynamics in Ciudad Juárez, Chihuahua]
    ," MPRA Paper 46853, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 15 Jun 2012.

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