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Discrimination in a universal health system: Explaining socioeconomic waiting time gaps

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  • Johar, Meliyanni
  • Jones, Glenn
  • Keane, Micheal P.
  • Savage, Elizabeth
  • Stavrunova, Olena

Abstract

One of the core goals of a universal health care system is to eliminate discrimination on the basis of socioeconomic status. We test for discrimination using patient waiting times for non-emergency treatment in public hospitals. Waiting time should reflect patients’ clinical need with priority given to more urgent cases. Using data from Australia, we find evidence of prioritisation of the most socioeconomically advantaged patients at all quantiles of the waiting time distribution. These patients also benefit from variation in supply endowments. These results challenge the universal health system's core principle of equitable treatment.

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Bibliographic Info

Article provided by Elsevier in its journal Journal of Health Economics.

Volume (Year): 32 (2013)
Issue (Month): 1 ()
Pages: 181-194

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Handle: RePEc:eee:jhecon:v:32:y:2013:i:1:p:181-194

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Web page: http://www.elsevier.com/locate/inca/505560

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Keywords: Public hospital; Waiting time; Discrimination; Decomposition analysis;

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  1. Luigi Siciliani & Steve Martin, 2007. "An empirical analysis of the impact of choice on waiting times," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 16(8), pages 763-779.
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