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Distributional Changes in the Gender Wage Gap

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  • Kassenböhmer, Sonja C.

    ()
    (Melbourne Institute of Applied Economic and Social Research)

  • Sinning, Mathias

    ()
    (University of Queensland)

Abstract

This paper analyzes changes in wage differentials between white men and white women over the period 1993-2006 across the entire wage distribution using Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) data. We decompose distributional changes in the gender wage gap to assess the contribution of observed characteristics measuring individual productivity. We find that the gender wage gap narrowed by more than 13 percent at the lowest decile and by less than 4 percent at the highest decile. The decomposition results indicate that changes in the gender wage gap are mainly attributable to changes in educational attainment at the top of the wage distribution, while a sizeable part of the changes is due to work history changes at the bottom. Our findings suggest that the educational success of women could reduce the gender wage gap at the bottom of the distribution both before and during the 1990s but did not trigger a strong decline at the top of the distribution until today.

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Bibliographic Info

Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 5303.

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Length: 39 pages
Date of creation: Nov 2010
Date of revision:
Publication status: forthcoming in: Industrial and Labor Relations Review
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5303

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Keywords: decomposition analysis; unconditional quantile regression; gender wage gap;

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References

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Cited by:
  1. Salma Ahmed & Pushkar Maitra, 2011. "A Distributional Analysis of the Gender Wage Gap in Bangladesh," Development Research Unit Working Paper Series 20-11, Monash University, Department of Economics.

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