Waiting Times and Socioeconomic Status: Evidence from England
AbstractWaiting times for elective surgery, like hip replacement, are often referred to as an equitable rationing mechanism in publicly-funded healthcare systems because access to care is not based on socioeconomic status. This study uses patient level administrative data from the Hospital Episode Statistics database in England to investigate whether patients with higher socioeconomic status (as measured by small area level income and education deprivation) wait less than other patients. The analysis focuses on the time waited for an elective hip replacement in 2001. Overall, it provides evidence of inequity in waiting times favouring more educated individuals and, to a lesser extent, richer individuals. The results from log-linear regression models and duration analysis bring evidence that inequalities occur within hospitals and over large part of the waiting time distribution. The inequality experienced by the lowest income group increases after controlling for hospital heterogeneity.
Download InfoIf you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.
Bibliographic InfoPaper provided by HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York in its series Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers with number 10/05.
Date of creation: Apr 2010
Date of revision:
Contact details of provider:
Postal: HEDG/HERC, Department of Economics and Related Studies, University of York, York, YO10 5DD, United Kingdom
Phone: (0)1904 323776
Fax: (0)1904 323759
Web page: http://www.york.ac.uk/economics/postgrad/herc/hedg/
More information through EDIRC
Waiting times; socioeconomic status; duration analysis;
Other versions of this item:
- Laudicella, Mauro & Siciliani, Luigi & Cookson, Richard, 2012. "Waiting times and socioeconomic status: Evidence from England," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 74(9), pages 1331-1341.
- I11 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Analysis of Health Care Markets
- I18 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Health - - - Government Policy; Regulation; Public Health
This paper has been announced in the following NEP Reports:
- NEP-ALL-2010-04-11 (All new papers)
Please report citation or reference errors to , or , if you are the registered author of the cited work, log in to your RePEc Author Service profile, click on "citations" and make appropriate adjustments.:
- Hugh Gravelle & Luigi Siciliani, 2007.
"Ramsey Waits: Allocating Public Health Service Resources when there is Rationing by Waiting,"
07/15, Department of Economics, University of York.
- Gravelle, Hugh & Siciliani, Luigi, 2008. "Ramsey waits: Allocating public health service resources when there is rationing by waiting," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 27(5), pages 1143-1154, September.
- Hugh Gravelle & Luigi Siciliani, 2006.
"Is Waiting-time Prioritisation Welfare Improving?,"
06/13, Department of Economics, University of York.
- Tom Stargardt, 2008. "Health service costs in Europe: cost and reimbursement of primary hip replacement in nine countries," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 17(S1), pages S9-S20.
- Ermisch, John F. & Jenkins, Stephen P., 1999. "Retirement and housing adjustment in later life: evidence from the British Household Panel Survey," Labour Economics, Elsevier, vol. 6(2), pages 311-333, June.
- Cullis, John G. & Jones, Philip R. & Propper, Carol, 2000. "Waiting lists and medical treatment: Analysis and policies," Handbook of Health Economics, in: A. J. Culyer & J. P. Newhouse (ed.), Handbook of Health Economics, edition 1, volume 1, chapter 23, pages 1201-1249 Elsevier.
- van Doorslaer, Eddy & Wagstaff, Adam & van der Burg, Hattem & Christiansen, Terkel & De Graeve, Diana & Duchesne, Inge & Gerdtham, Ulf-G & Gerfin, Michael & Geurts, Jose & Gross, Lorna, 2000. "Equity in the delivery of health care in Europe and the US," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 19(5), pages 553-583, September.
- Martin, Stephen & Smith, Peter C., 1999. "Rationing by waiting lists: an empirical investigation," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 71(1), pages 141-164, January.
- Luigi Siciliani & Rossella Verzulli, 2009. "Waiting times and socioeconomic status among elderly Europeans: evidence from SHARE," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 18(11), pages 1295-1306.
- Eddy van Doorslaer & Xander Koolman & Andrew M. Jones, 2004. "Explaining income-related inequalities in doctor utilisation in Europe," Health Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 13(7), pages 629-647.
- Hamilton, Barton H & Bramley-Harker, Robert Edward, 1999. "The Impact of the NHS Reforms on Queues and Surgical Outcomes in England: Evidence from Hip Fracture Patients," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 109(457), pages 437-62, July.
- David Briggs & Daniela Fecht & Kees de Hoogh, 2007. "Census data issues for epidemiology and health risk assessment: experiences from the Small Area Health Statistics Unit," Journal of the Royal Statistical Society Series A, Royal Statistical Society, vol. 170(2), pages 355-378.
- Lindsay, Cotton M & Feigenbaum, Bernard, 1984. "Rationing by Waiting Lists," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 74(3), pages 404-17, June.
- Sofia Dimakou & David Parkin & Nancy Devlin & John Appleby, 2009. "Identifying the impact of government targets on waiting times in the NHS," Health Care Management Science, Springer, vol. 12(1), pages 1-10, March.
- Cookson, Richard & Laudicella, Mauro & Donni, Paolo Li, 2013.
"Does hospital competition harm equity? Evidence from the English National Health Service,"
Journal of Health Economics,
Elsevier, vol. 32(2), pages 410-422.
- Laudicella, M & Cookson, R & Li Donni, P, 2011. "Does hospital competition harm equity? Evidence from the English National Health Service," Working Papers 7138, Imperial College, London, Imperial College Business School.
- Richard Cookson & Mauro Laudicella & Paolo Li Donni, 2011. "Does hospital competition harm equity? Evidence from the English National Health Service," Working Papers 066cherp, Centre for Health Economics, University of York.
- Monstad, Karin & Engesæter, Lars Birger & Espehaug, Birgitte, 2010. "Waiting time and socioeconomic status - an individual–level analysis," Working Papers in Economics 11/10, University of Bergen, Department of Economics.
- Oddvar Kaarboe & Fredrik Carlsen, 2014.
"Waiting Times And Socioeconomic Status. Evidence From Norway,"
John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 23(1), pages 93-107, 01.
- Carlsen, Fredrik & Kaarbøe, Oddvar Martin, 2010. "Waiting times and socioeconomic status. Evidence from Norway," Working Papers in Economics 08/10, University of Bergen, Department of Economics.
- Meliyanni Johar & Glenn Jones & Michael Keane & Elizabeth Savage & Olena Stavrunova, 2011.
"Discrimination in a Universal Health System: Explaining Socioeconomic Waiting Time Gaps,"
Working Paper Series
165, Finance Discipline Group, UTS Business School, University of Technology, Sydney.
- Johar, Meliyanni & Jones, Glenn & Keane, Micheal P. & Savage, Elizabeth & Stavrunova, Olena, 2013. "Discrimination in a universal health system: Explaining socioeconomic waiting time gaps," Journal of Health Economics, Elsevier, vol. 32(1), pages 181-194.
- Meliyanni Johar & Glenn Jones & Michael P. Keane & Elizabeth Savage & Olena Stavrunova, 2012. "Discrimination in a universal health system: Explaining socioeconomic waiting time gaps," Economics Papers 2012-W11, Economics Group, Nuffield College, University of Oxford.
- Michael Keane & Meliyanni Johar & Glenn Jones & Elizabeth Savage & Olena Stavrunova, 2012. "Discrimination in a universal health system: Explaining socioeconomic waiting time gaps," Economics Series Working Papers 2012-W11, University of Oxford, Department of Economics.
- Sharma, Anurag & Siciliani, Luigi & Harris, Anthony, 2013.
"Waiting times and socioeconomic status: Does sample selection matter?,"
Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 659-667.
- A. Sharma; & L. Siciliani; & A. Harris ;, 2011. "Waiting times and socioeconomic status: does sample selection matter?," Health, Econometrics and Data Group (HEDG) Working Papers 11/22, HEDG, c/o Department of Economics, University of York.
For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jane Rawlings).
If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.