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Die Evolution der bundesdeutschen Forschungs- und Technologiepolitik: Rückblick und Bestandsaufnahme

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  • Fier, Andreas
  • Harhoff, Dietmar

Abstract

In Deutschland beanspruchen gleich zwei Ressorts, das Bundesministerium für Bildung und Forschung (BMBF) sowie das Bundesministerium für Wirtschaft und Technologie (BMWi) die Zuständigkeit für die deutsche Innovationspolitik. Dieses für den Bund offensichtlich bedeutsame Politikfeld eröffnet zum einen die Frage, auf welchen Prinzipien die gegenwärtige Forschungs-und Technologiepolitik aufgebaut ist und zum anderen, wie es gelingen soll, die wissenschaftlichen und wirtschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen für FuE-Aktivitäten zu verbessern. Dieser Beitrag widmet sich der industrieökonomischen Innovationsforschung und der Umsetzung ihrer Ergebnisse in der Wirtschaftspolitik. Ausgangspunkt ist ein Rückblick auf theoretische Konzepte, die seit den grundlegenden Studien von Arrows (1962) in der Literatur entwickelt worden sind. Dazu gehören die Entwicklung von Patentrennenmodellen, Modellen präemptiven Verhaltens und Überlegungen zur Funktionsweise von Wissensexternalitäten. Gerade das Konzept der "absorptiven Kapazität", Ende der 80er Jahre von Cohen und Levinthal vorgeschlagen, hat sich nicht nur in der volkswirtschaftlichen Forschung als wichtig erwiesen, sondern auch in der Betriebswirtschaftslehre. Den Fortschritten in der Wissenschaft steht eine Entwicklung in der Forschungs- und Innovationspolitik gegenüber, die nur mäßig von ökonomischen Konzepten beeinflusst worden ist. Nach Darstellung des Entwicklungsverlaufs der bundesdeutschen Innovationspolitik kommt eine Analyse des Förderinstrumentariums zu dem Schluss, dass insbesondere die Wirkungsforschung in Deutschland noch unterentwickelt ist und vor neuen Herausforderungen steht.

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  • Fier, Andreas & Harhoff, Dietmar, 2001. "Die Evolution der bundesdeutschen Forschungs- und Technologiepolitik: Rückblick und Bestandsaufnahme," ZEW Discussion Papers 01-61, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:zewdip:5417
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    Cited by:

    1. Growe, Anna & Heider, Katharina & Lamker, Christian & Paßlick, Sandra & Terfrüchte, Thomas (ed.), 2012. "Polyzentrale Stadtregionen - Die Region als planerischer Handlungsraum: 14. Junges Forum der ARL, 22. bis 24. Juni 2011 in Dortmund," Arbeitsberichte der ARL, Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) - Leibniz-Forum für Raumwissenschaften, volume 3, number 3.
    2. Björn Alecke & Gerhard Untiedt, 2003. "EU-Osterweiterung und regionale Wettbewerbsfähigkeit," ifo Schnelldienst, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, vol. 56(22), pages 10-17, November.
    3. Czarnitzki, Dirk & Fier, Andreas, 2003. "Publicly Funded R&D Collaborations and Patent Outcome in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 03-24, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    4. Harris, Richard & Li, Qian Cher & Trainor, Mary, 2009. "Is a higher rate of R&D tax credit a panacea for low levels of R&D in disadvantaged regions?," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 38(1), pages 192-205, February.
    5. Schmiele, Anja & Sofka, Wolfgang, 2007. "Internationalizing R&D Co-opetition: Dress for the Dance with the Devil," ZEW Discussion Papers 07-045, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    6. Bond, Stephen & Harhoff, Dietmar & Van Reenen, John, 2003. "Corporate R&D and productivity in Germany and the United Kingdom," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 770, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    7. Meng, Rüdiger, 2012. "Räumliche Aspekte der Innovationsförderung: Hintergründe, Perspektiven und Kritik," Arbeitsberichte der ARL: Aufsätze,in: Polyzentrale Stadtregionen - Die Region als planerischer Handlungsraum, pages 241-254 Akademie für Raumforschung und Landesplanung (ARL) - Leibniz-Forum für Raumwissenschaften.
    8. Kreuchauff, Florian Heiko & Bälz, David, 2016. "Förderprogramme und -projekte des Bundes mit Robotikbezug seit 2010: Kurzstudie," Studien zum deutschen Innovationssystem 15-2016, Expertenkommission Forschung und Innovation (EFI) - Commission of Experts for Research and Innovation, Berlin.
    9. Hujer, Reinhard & Radić, Dubravko, 2005. "Evaluating the Impacts of Subsidies on Innovation Activities in Germany," ZEW Discussion Papers 05-43, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Innovation; Public R&D Subsidies; Policy Evaluation;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • C24 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Truncated and Censored Models; Switching Regression Models; Threshold Regression Models
    • H32 - Public Economics - - Fiscal Policies and Behavior of Economic Agents - - - Firm

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