IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/p/zbw/wzblpe/spi2006110.html
   My bibliography  Save this paper

Negotiating work and household demands: Effects of conflict management strategies in Dutch households on the labor supply of male and female employees

Author

Listed:
  • Wotschack, Philip
  • Wittek, Rafael

Abstract

This paper explains variation in the labor supply of male and female employees by taking into account differences in conflict management strategies in Dutch households. While existing accounts on labor supply either emphasize household restrictions, firm influences or institutional constraints the approach taken here focuses on strategies of spouses to handle time-based interpersonal workhousehold conflicts. Using a sample of 304 male and 238 female cohabiting employees drawn from 30 Dutch organizations, we analyze how gender moderates the effect of conflict management strategies on labor supply, measured as the amount of actual working hours. Building on role congruity theory, we distinguish between two types of conflict management behavior. 'Agentic' strategies are characterized by a low concern for other, and are usually ascribed to a male gender role. 'Communal' strategies are characterized by a high concern for other and are usually ascribed to a female gender role. OLS and multilevel regression analysis supports two hypotheses. First, working women relying on communal strategies to resolve time-allocation conflicts with their male partners will be more successful in achieving their objective to work more hours than women who don't use communal strategies. Second, labor supply of working men increases with their use of agentic strategies. The findings support the proposition from role congruity theory that (in-)congruence between the (male) provider role and a female gender role explains gender differences in the impact of interpersonal conflict management behavior on labor supply.

Suggested Citation

  • Wotschack, Philip & Wittek, Rafael, 2006. "Negotiating work and household demands: Effects of conflict management strategies in Dutch households on the labor supply of male and female employees," Discussion Papers, Research Unit: Labor Market Policy and Employment SP I 2006-110, Social Science Research Center Berlin (WZB).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:spi2006110
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/44012/1/512837015.pdf
    Download Restriction: no

    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. van der Lippe, Tanja & Siegers, Jacques J, 1994. "Division of Household and Paid Labour between Partners: Effects of Relative Wage Rates and Social Norms," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 47(1), pages 109-136.
    2. Michael Bittman & Paula England & Nancy Folbre & George Matheson, 2001. "When Gender Trumps Money: Bargaining and Time in Household Work," JCPR Working Papers 221, Northwestern University/University of Chicago Joint Center for Poverty Research.
    3. Christine Erhel & Dominique Anxo, 2005. "Irreversibility of Time, Reversibility of Choices? A Transitional Labour Market Approach," Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) halshs-00271955, HAL.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:zbw:wzblpe:spi2006110. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (ZBW - German National Library of Economics). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/wzbbbde.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.