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Earnings-Dependent Parental Leave Benefit and Fertility: Evidence from Germany

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  • Cygan-Rehm, Kamila

Abstract

This paper examines the effects of a major change in German parental transfer system on fertility. I use the largely unanticipated reform of 2007 as a natural experiment to assess how an earnings-dependent parental leave benefit effects higher-order fertility. Given the recent introduction, this paper evaluates short-run responses by using data from the German Microcensus 2010. I find that the reform reduced the probability of having a further child in the first three years after birth. However, this effect is mainly driven by mothers on the lower bound of the benefit. Among mothers above the lower bound, short-run fertility responses are less pronounced and vary with potential earnings. The heterogeneity is in line with the structure of economic incentives.

Suggested Citation

  • Cygan-Rehm, Kamila, 2013. "Earnings-Dependent Parental Leave Benefit and Fertility: Evidence from Germany," Annual Conference 2013 (Duesseldorf): Competition Policy and Regulation in a Global Economic Order 80021, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:vfsc13:80021
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Johannes Geyer & Peter Haan & Katharina Wrohlich, 2014. "The Effects of Family Policy on Mothers' Labor Supply: Combining Evidence from a Structural Model and a Natural Experiment," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1366, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
    2. Bergemann, Annette & Riphahn, Regina T., 2015. "Maternal Employment Effects of Paid Parental Leave," IZA Discussion Papers 9073, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).

    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • K36 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Family and Personal Law

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