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The emergence of Indian multinationals: An empirical study of motives, status-quo and trends of Indian investments in Germany

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  • Tiwari, Rajnish
  • Herstatt, Cornelius

Abstract

Germany has advanced to the position of a key destination for Indian multinational enterprises in their spirited pursuit of growth opportunities overseas. In 2008, Indian firms invested an estimated amount of US$ 1.8 billion in Germany while 16 acquisitions by Indian firms were monitored, up from 7 in 2007. In fact, Indian FDI stock in Germany seems to have surpassed German FDI stock in India. Our research shows that, as of October 2008, 123 Indian MNEs with 167 subsidiaries were active in Germany and had approx. 20,000 full-time employees on their pay-rolls. However, there has been hardly any independent, academic research, so far, on Indian investments in Germany, especially on the motives, experiences, and employment effects on the host and home economies. The present study, presumably the only empirical study of Indian firms overseas to date, provides unique insights into the motives, operations, experiences, and future plans of Indian firms. It shows that Indian firms have generally performed well and intend to further strengthen their operations, including in research & development activities, in Germany. Nonetheless, firms are also faced with several challenges, including but certainly not limited to cross-cultural issues, which need to be mastered. There are also sectoral differences in the motives, experiences, and location selection criteria of Indian MNEs.

Suggested Citation

  • Tiwari, Rajnish & Herstatt, Cornelius, 2009. "The emergence of Indian multinationals: An empirical study of motives, status-quo and trends of Indian investments in Germany," Working Papers 56, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Institute for Technology and Innovation Management.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:tuhtim:56
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Jaya Prakash Pradhan, "undated". "Growth of Indian Multinationals in the World Economy: Implications for Development," Working Papers 0704, Institute for Studies in Industrial Development (ISID).
    2. Jaya Prakash Pradhan, 2004. "The determinants of outward foreign direct investment: a firm-level analysis of Indian manufacturing," Oxford Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 32(4), pages 619-639.
    3. Pradhan, Jaya Prakash, 2007. "How Do Indian Multinationals Affect Exports from Home Country?," MPRA Paper 19022, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. Tiwari, Rajnish & Buse, Stephan & Herstatt, Cornelius, 2007. "Innovation via global route: Proposing a reference model for chances and challenges of global innovation processes," Working Papers 49, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Institute for Technology and Innovation Management.
    5. Dunning, John H., 1994. "Multinational enterprises and the globalization of innovatory capacity," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 23(1), pages 67-88, January.
    6. Nagesh Kumar, 2006. "Emerging Multinationals : Trends, Patterns and Determinants of Outward Investment by Indian Enterprises," Microeconomics Working Papers 22108, East Asian Bureau of Economic Research.
    7. Herstatt, Cornelius & Tiwari, Rajnish & Buse, Stephan, 2008. "India's National Innovation System: Key elements and corporate perspectives," Working Papers 51, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Institute for Technology and Innovation Management.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Tiwari, Rajnish & Herstatt, Cornelius, 2012. "India - a lead market for frugal innovations? Extending the lead market theory to emerging economies," Working Papers 67, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Institute for Technology and Innovation Management.
    2. Tiwari, Rajnish, 2017. "Propositions for a high-quality, affordable and sustainable Food Basket : scope of cooperation between India & Germany in areas relating to food processing industry," EconStor Research Reports 157662, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
    3. Tiwari, Rajnish & Kalogerakis, Katharina, 2017. "Innovation pathways and trajectories in India's auto component industry," Working Papers 98, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Institute for Technology and Innovation Management.
    4. Tiwari, Rajnish & Herstatt, Cornelius, 2012. "Frugal innovations for the 'unserved' customer: An assessment of India's attractiveness as a lead Market for cost-effective products," Working Papers 69, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Institute for Technology and Innovation Management.
    5. Tiwari, Rajnish & Herstatt, Cornelius, 2011. "Role of "Lead Market" factors in globalization of innovation: Emerging evidence from India & its implications," Working Papers 64, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Institute for Technology and Innovation Management.
    6. Tiwari, Rajnish & Herstatt, Cornelius, 2012. "Open global innovation networks as enablers of frugal innovation: propositions based on evidence from India," Working Papers 72, Hamburg University of Technology (TUHH), Institute for Technology and Innovation Management.

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