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Liberalisierung des internationalen Handels mit Dienstleistungen: Herausforderungen und Chancen für Entwicklungsländer

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  • Lücke, Matthias
  • Spinanger, Dean

Abstract

Diese Studie diskutiert mögliche Strategien der Entwicklungsländer bei den Verhandlungen über den internationalen Dienstleistungshandel im Rahmen der WTO-Doha- Entwicklungs-Runde. Die Liberalisierung von Dienstleistungsimporten (u.a. durch ausländische Direktinvestitionen) führt tendenziell zu höherer Angebotsqualität und niedrigeren Preisen, wenn der Wettbewerb zwischen den Anbietern intensiver wird. Dies dürfte vor allem bei Produzentendienstleistungen zutreffen (Transport, Finanzdienstleistungen, Telekommunikation). Weniger eindeutig ist die Nutzen-Kosten-Abwägung bei Infrastrukturdienstleistungen mit Netzmonopolen (Wasser- und Energieversorgung) oder wenn gesellschaftlich wünschenswerter Konsum durch Armut begrenzt wird (Gesundheitsdienstleistungen, Bildung). Schließlich werden die meisten Dienstleistungsexporte der Entwicklungsländer kaum durch Einfuhrbarrieren der Industrieländer behindert. Falls allerdings als Ergebnis der Doha-Runde die zeitlich begrenzte Arbeitsmigration aus Entwicklungsländern in Industrieländer zur Erbringung von Dienstleistungen (Erbringungsart 4 nach GATS) erleichtert würde, könnte dies erhebliche Einkommensgewinne der Entwicklungsländer nach sich ziehen.

Suggested Citation

  • Lücke, Matthias & Spinanger, Dean, 2004. "Liberalisierung des internationalen Handels mit Dienstleistungen: Herausforderungen und Chancen für Entwicklungsländer," Kiel Working Papers 1228, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW Kiel).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:ifwkwp:1228
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Entwicklungsländer; internationaler Dienstleistungshandel; GATS; Developing countries; international trade in services; GATS;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations

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