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Agroholdings and clusters in Kazakhstan's agro-food sector
[Agroholdings und Clusters in Kasachstan’s Agrar- und Ernährungssektor]


  • Wandel, Jürgen


The paper provides an overview of the institutional arrangements on the micro level that have evolved in the agro-food sector of Kazakhstan in the course of transition. Emphasis is laid on more complex arrangements like agroholdings and clusters, hitherto mostly unknown in the agro-food sectors of established market economies. It is shown that agroholdings are concentrated mainly in the northern part of Kazakhstan and to a large extent in the grain sector, while in the south a scattered small scale (individual) farm structure has emerged. Parallel to this market-driven development, the Kazakhstani government tries to promote other institutional arrangements that it deems to be of superior competitiveness, especially agro-food clusters. Refering to Hayek's concept of pretence of knowledge and empirical evidence of cluster facilitation policies of other countries the success of the Kazakhstani cluster initiative is questioned.

Suggested Citation

  • Wandel, Jürgen, 2009. "Agroholdings and clusters in Kazakhstan's agro-food sector
    [Agroholdings und Clusters in Kasachstan’s Agrar- und Ernährungssektor]
    ," IAMO Discussion Papers 126, Leibniz Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:iamodp:126

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Ron Martin & Peter Sunley, 2003. "Deconstructing clusters: chaotic concept or policy panacea?," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 3(1), pages 5-35, January.
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    Cited by:

    1. Petrick, Martin & Pomfret, Richard, 2016. "Agricultural policies in Kazakhstan," IAMO Discussion Papers 234476, Institute of Agricultural Development in Transition Economies (IAMO).
    2. repec:zbw:espost:167646 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. repec:zbw:espost:175844 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:ags:ifaamr:264217 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. repec:zbw:iamost:88 is not listed on IDEAS
    6. repec:zbw:iamodp:234476 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Andriy Matyukha & Peter Voigt & Axel Wolz, 2015. "Agro-holdings in Russia, Ukraine and Kazakhstan: temporary phenomenon or permanent business form? Farm-level evidence from Moscow and Belgorod regions," Post-Communist Economies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(3), pages 370-394, September.

    More about this item


    Agroholdings; cluster; Kazakhstan; agricultural policy; institutional change; Agroholdings; Cluster; Kasachstan; Agrarpolitik; institutioneller Wandel;

    JEL classification:

    • Q13 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Markets and Marketing; Cooperatives; Agribusiness
    • Q18 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Agriculture - - - Agricultural Policy; Food Policy
    • L22 - Industrial Organization - - Firm Objectives, Organization, and Behavior - - - Firm Organization and Market Structure


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