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Sex Ratio and Global Sodomy Law Reform in the Post-WWII Era


  • Chang, Simon


This paper studies the role of population sex ratio, i.e. ratio of men to women, in the global wave of sodomy law reform in the post-WWII era. Using a global survey, this paper first finds that men are more homophobic than women and such pattern has persisted across countries and time. With a newly constructed panel data of 183 countries, this paper then finds that high sex ratio causally makes sodomy law less likely to be repealed. The result is robust to numerous checks, including using temperature as an instrumental variable for sex ratio.

Suggested Citation

  • Chang, Simon, 2020. "Sex Ratio and Global Sodomy Law Reform in the Post-WWII Era," GLO Discussion Paper Series 476, Global Labor Organization (GLO).
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:glodps:476

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    Sex Ratio; Sodomy Law; Gay Rights; Homophobia;

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • K14 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Criminal Law

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