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The sex ratio and global sodomy law reform in the post-WWII era

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  • Simon Chang

    (University of Western Australia)

Abstract

This paper studies the role of the population sex ratio, i.e., the ratio of men to women, in the global wave of sodomy law reform in the post-WWII era. Using data from a global survey, this paper first shows that men are more homophobic than women and that this pattern has persisted over time across countries. Using newly constructed panel data on 183 countries, this paper then shows that having a high sex ratio makes repeal of a sodomy law less likely. This negative relationship between the sex ratio and sodomy law repeal is robust to numerous checks, including using temperature as an instrumental variable for the sex ratio.

Suggested Citation

  • Simon Chang, 2021. "The sex ratio and global sodomy law reform in the post-WWII era," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 34(2), pages 401-430, April.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:34:y:2021:i:2:d:10.1007_s00148-020-00773-7
    DOI: 10.1007/s00148-020-00773-7
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Chris Sampson’s journal round-up for 1st February 2021
      by Chris Sampson in The Academic Health Economists' Blog on 2021-02-01 12:00:03

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    Cited by:

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    2. Miriam Marcén & Marina Morales, 2022. "The effect of same-sex marriage legalization on interstate migration in the USA," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 35(2), pages 441-469, April.
    3. Drydakis, Nick & Zimmermann, Klaus F., 2020. "Sexual Orientation, Gender Identity and Labour Market Outcomes: New Patterns and Insights," GLO Discussion Paper Series 627, Global Labor Organization (GLO).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Sex ratio; Sodomy law; Gay rights; Homophobia;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J16 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • K14 - Law and Economics - - Basic Areas of Law - - - Criminal Law

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