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Arbeitsrechtliche Schwellenwerte: Regelungen an der Schwelle zur Unüberschaubarkeit

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  • Koller, Lena

Abstract

Im deutschen Arbeitsrecht gibt es eine Vielzahl arbeitsrechtlicher Schwellenwerte. Diese geben an, ab welcher Mitarbeiterzahl ein Gesetz bzw. eine Regelung wie z. B. der Kündigungsschutz zur Anwendung kommt. Wie in der Arbeit gezeigt wird, erschweren unterschiedliche Definitionen der Mitarbeiterzahl den Überblick über diese Regelungen. Eine Simulation unterschiedlicher Zusammensetzungen einer gegebenen Belegschaftsstärke macht deutlich, dass je nach Struktur der Belegschaft (Anzahl Teilzeitbeschäftigter, Auszubildender, Leiharbeiter usw.) unterschiedliche arbeitsrechtliche Schwellenwerte über- bzw. unterschritten werden können. Da die Überschreitung von Schwellenwerten meist zu zusätzlichen Kosten für die Arbeitgeber führt, wird oftmals vermutet, dass damit die Einstellung zusätzlicher Arbeitskräfte behindert wird. Ein Literaturüberblick zeigt, dass laut Betriebsbefragungen Schwellenwerte eine negative Wirkung auf das Beschäftigungswachstum haben. Ökonometrische Analysen können dies jedoch meist nicht bestätigen.

Suggested Citation

  • Koller, Lena, 2005. "Arbeitsrechtliche Schwellenwerte: Regelungen an der Schwelle zur Unüberschaubarkeit," Discussion Papers 40, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:40
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Bernhard Boockmann & Susanne Steffes, 2010. "Workers, Firms, or Institutions: What Determines Job Duration for Male Employees in Germany?," ILR Review, Cornell University, ILR School, vol. 64(1), pages 109-127, October.
    2. Burgert, Derik, 2006. "Einstellungschancen von Älteren – Wie wirkt der Schwellenwert im Kündigungsschutz?," MPRA Paper 5846, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    3. Bernhard Boockmann & Daniel Gutknecht & Susanne Steffes, 2008. "Effects of Dismissal Protection Legislation on Individual Employment Stability in Germany," IAW Discussion Papers 45, Institut für Angewandte Wirtschaftsforschung (IAW).
    4. repec:iab:iabzaf:v:39:i:2:p:181-199 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Schwellenwerte; Beschäftigung; Deutschland;

    JEL classification:

    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law
    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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