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Lockerung des Kündigungsschutzes: Ein Weg zu mehr Beschäftigung?

  • Bonin, Holger

    ()

    (ZEW Mannheim)

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    Die Lockerung des Kündigungsschutzes ist ein wesentliches Element der im Januar 2004 in Deutschland in Kraft gesetzten Arbeitsmarktreformen. Dieser Beitrag diskutiert die hiervon zu erwartenden Beschäftigungseffekte. Auf Grundlage vorliegender theoretischer und empirischer Erkenntnisse wird argumentiert, dass die Neuregelung nur geringfügig zum Abbau der vorherrschenden strukturellen Arbeitslosigkeit beitragen dürfte. Für einen spürbaren Erfolg fehlen konsequentere Reformen des ausreichende Lohnflexibilität und Lohndifferenzierung verhindernden sozialen Sicherungssystems. Deregulation of German Dismissal Protection Legislation: A Road to More Employment? A key feature of the recent labor market reforms in Germany is liberalization of dismissal protection legislation. The paper discusses the potential labor market effects of this amendment. On the basis of the available theoretical and empirical evidence, it is argued that deregulation in this area probably will not substantially reduce the country’s predominantly structural unemployment. A promising strategy would require forceful reform of social welfare institutions prohibiting sufficient wage flexibility and wage differentiation.

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    File URL: http://ftp.iza.org/dp1106.pdf
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    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1106.

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    Length: 24 pages
    Date of creation: Apr 2004
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: published in: R. Zwengel (ed.), Gesellschaftliche Perspektiven: Jahrbuch der Hessischen Gesellschaft für Demokratie und Ökologie, 2004, 5, 55-71
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1106
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    1. Andrea Borgarello & Pietro Garibaldi & Lia Pacelli, 2003. "Employment Protection Legislation and the Size of Firms," LABORatorio R. Revelli Working Papers Series 23, LABORatorio R. Revelli, Centre for Employment Studies.
    2. Addison, John T. & Teixeira, Paulino, 2001. "The Economics of Employment Protection," IZA Discussion Papers 381, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Bauer, Thomas K. & Bender, Stefan & Bonin, Holger, 2004. "Dismissal Protection and Worker Flows in Small Establishments," IZA Discussion Papers 1105, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Boeri, Tito & Jimeno, Juan F., 2005. "The effects of employment protection: Learning from variable enforcement," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(8), pages 2057-2077, November.
    5. Nickell, Stephen & Layard, Richard, 1999. "Labor market institutions and economic performance," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 46, pages 3029-3084 Elsevier.
    6. Jahn, Elke J. & Schnabel, Claus, 2003. "Bestandsschutz durch Abfindungen: Höhere Rechtssicherheit und Effizienz," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1998 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 83(4), pages 219-223.
    7. Bonin, Holger & Kempe, Wolfram & Schneider, Hilmar, 2002. "Kombilohn oder Workfare? Zur Wirksamkeit zweier arbeitsmarktpolitischer Strategien," IZA Discussion Papers 587, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Jerger, Jürgen, 2003. "Wie wirkt Kündigungsschutz?," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1998 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 83(4), pages 215-219.
    9. George E. Johnson, 1997. "Changes in Earnings Inequality: The Role of Demand Shifts," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 41-54, Spring.
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