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Lockerung des Kündigungsschutzes: Ein Weg zu mehr Beschäftigung?

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  • Bonin, Holger

    () (IZA)

Abstract

Die Lockerung des Kündigungsschutzes ist ein wesentliches Element der im Januar 2004 in Deutschland in Kraft gesetzten Arbeitsmarktreformen. Dieser Beitrag diskutiert die hiervon zu erwartenden Beschäftigungseffekte. Auf Grundlage vorliegender theoretischer und empirischer Erkenntnisse wird argumentiert, dass die Neuregelung nur geringfügig zum Abbau der vorherrschenden strukturellen Arbeitslosigkeit beitragen dürfte. Für einen spürbaren Erfolg fehlen konsequentere Reformen des ausreichende Lohnflexibilität und Lohndifferenzierung verhindernden sozialen Sicherungssystems. Deregulation of German Dismissal Protection Legislation: A Road to More Employment? A key feature of the recent labor market reforms in Germany is liberalization of dismissal protection legislation. The paper discusses the potential labor market effects of this amendment. On the basis of the available theoretical and empirical evidence, it is argued that deregulation in this area probably will not substantially reduce the country’s predominantly structural unemployment. A promising strategy would require forceful reform of social welfare institutions prohibiting sufficient wage flexibility and wage differentiation.

Suggested Citation

  • Bonin, Holger, 2004. "Lockerung des Kündigungsschutzes: Ein Weg zu mehr Beschäftigung?," IZA Discussion Papers 1106, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1106
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Boeri, Tito & Jimeno, Juan F., 2005. "The effects of employment protection: Learning from variable enforcement," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 49(8), pages 2057-2077, November.
    2. Thomas K. Bauer & Stefan Bender & Holger Bonin, 2007. "Dismissal Protection and Worker Flows in Small Establishments," Economica, London School of Economics and Political Science, vol. 74(296), pages 804-821, November.
    3. Nickell, Stephen & Layard, Richard, 1999. "Labor market institutions and economic performance," Handbook of Labor Economics,in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 46, pages 3029-3084 Elsevier.
    4. Pietro Garibaldi & Lia Pacelli & Andrea Borgarello, 2004. "Employment Protection Legislation and the Size of Firms," Giornale degli Economisti, GDE (Giornale degli Economisti e Annali di Economia), Bocconi University, vol. 63(1), pages 33-68, April.
    5. Jerger, Jürgen, 2003. "Wie wirkt Kündigungsschutz?," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1949 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 83(4), pages 215-219.
    6. Holger Bonin & Wolfram Kempe & Hilmar Schneider, 2003. "Kombilohn oder Workfare?: Zur Wirksamkeit zweier arbeitsmarktpolitischer Strategien," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 72(1), pages 51-67.
    7. John T. Addison & Paulino Teixeira, 2003. "The Economics of Employment Protection," Journal of Labor Research, Transaction Publishers, vol. 24(1), pages 85-129, January.
    8. George E. Johnson, 1997. "Changes in Earnings Inequality: The Role of Demand Shifts," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 41-54, Spring.
    9. Jahn, Elke J. & Schnabel, Claus, 2003. "Bestandsschutz durch Abfindungen: Höhere Rechtssicherheit und Effizienz," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1949 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 83(4), pages 219-223.
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    Cited by:

    1. Frank Scharr, 2005. "Tarifbindung, Rententeilung und Konzessionsverträge als Einflussgrößen der Lohnhöhe in Unternehmen : eine Untersuchung mit Mikrodaten für thüringische Firmen," ifo Dresden Studien, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 39, October.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    dismissal protection legislation; labor market flexibility; structural unemployment; workfare; Germany;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand
    • J38 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Public Policy
    • K31 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Labor Law

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