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Lockerung des Kündigungsschutzes: Ein Weg zu mehr Beschäftigung?

  • Bonin, Holger

    ()

    (ZEW Mannheim)

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    Die Lockerung des Kündigungsschutzes ist ein wesentliches Element der im Januar 2004 in Deutschland in Kraft gesetzten Arbeitsmarktreformen. Dieser Beitrag diskutiert die hiervon zu erwartenden Beschäftigungseffekte. Auf Grundlage vorliegender theoretischer und empirischer Erkenntnisse wird argumentiert, dass die Neuregelung nur geringfügig zum Abbau der vorherrschenden strukturellen Arbeitslosigkeit beitragen dürfte. Für einen spürbaren Erfolg fehlen konsequentere Reformen des ausreichende Lohnflexibilität und Lohndifferenzierung verhindernden sozialen Sicherungssystems. Deregulation of German Dismissal Protection Legislation: A Road to More Employment? A key feature of the recent labor market reforms in Germany is liberalization of dismissal protection legislation. The paper discusses the potential labor market effects of this amendment. On the basis of the available theoretical and empirical evidence, it is argued that deregulation in this area probably will not substantially reduce the country’s predominantly structural unemployment. A promising strategy would require forceful reform of social welfare institutions prohibiting sufficient wage flexibility and wage differentiation.

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    File URL: http://ftp.iza.org/dp1106.pdf
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    Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1106.

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    Length: 24 pages
    Date of creation: Apr 2004
    Date of revision:
    Publication status: published in: R. Zwengel (ed.), Gesellschaftliche Perspektiven: Jahrbuch der Hessischen Gesellschaft für Demokratie und Ökologie, 2004, 5, 55-71
    Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1106
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    1. Tito Boeri, 2004. "The Effects of Employment Protection: Learning from Variable Enforcement," 2004 Meeting Papers 445a, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    2. Pietro Garibaldi & Lia Pacelli & Andrea Borgarello, 2003. "Employment Protection Legislation and the Size of Firms," Working Papers 247, IGIER (Innocenzo Gasparini Institute for Economic Research), Bocconi University.
    3. Addison, John T. & Teixeira, Paulino, 2001. "The Economics of Employment Protection," IZA Discussion Papers 381, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    4. Bauer, Thomas & Bender, Stefan & Bonin, Holger, 2004. "Dismissal Protection and Worker Flows in Small Establishments," CEPR Discussion Papers 4379, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Nickell, Stephen & Layard, Richard, 1999. "Labor market institutions and economic performance," Handbook of Labor Economics, in: O. Ashenfelter & D. Card (ed.), Handbook of Labor Economics, edition 1, volume 3, chapter 46, pages 3029-3084 Elsevier.
    6. Jahn, Elke J. & Schnabel, Claus, 2003. "Bestandsschutz durch Abfindungen: Höhere Rechtssicherheit und Effizienz," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1998 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 83(4), pages 219-223.
    7. Bauer, Thomas K. & Bender, Stefan & Bonin, Holger, 2004. "Dismissal Protection and Worker Flows in Small Establishments," RWI Discussion Papers 14, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (RWI).
    8. George E. Johnson, 1997. "Changes in Earnings Inequality: The Role of Demand Shifts," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 11(2), pages 41-54, Spring.
    9. Bonin, Holger & Kempe, Wolfram & Schneider, Hilmar, 2002. "Kombilohn oder Workfare? Zur Wirksamkeit zweier arbeitsmarktpolitischer Strategien," IZA Discussion Papers 587, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    10. Thomas Bauer & Stefan Bender & Holger Bonin, 2004. "Dismissal Protection and Worker Flows in Small Establishments," RWI Discussion Papers 0014, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
    11. Thomas Bauer & Uwe Sunde & Holger Bonin, 2004. "Dismissal Protection and Worker Flows in Small Establishments," RWI Discussion Papers 0012, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung.
    12. Jerger, Jürgen, 2003. "Wie wirkt Kündigungsschutz?," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1998 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 83(4), pages 215-219.
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