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Arbeitsrechtliche Schwellenwerte und betriebliche Arbeitsplatzdynamik: Eine empirische Untersuchung am Beispiel des Schwerbehindertengesetzes

  • Koller, Lena
  • Schnabel, Claus
  • Wagner, Joachim

In dieser Arbeit werden Auswirkungen des deutschen Schwer-behindertengesetzes auf die Arbeitsplatzdynamik mit Daten der Bundesagentur für Arbeit und des IAB-Betriebspanels empirisch überprüft. Die Daten erlauben eine Untersuchung der zweiten Schwelle des Gesetzes von 25 Beschäftigten, bei deren Überschreiten die Betriebe im Untersuchungszeitraum 1999/2000 zwei Arbeitsplätze mit Schwerbehinderten besetzen oder eine Ausgleichsabgabe zahlen mussten. Deskriptive und multivariate Analysen deuten darauf hin, dass das Beschäftigungswachstum leicht gebremst wird, wenn Betriebe kurz vor dieser Schwelle stehen und nicht ausreichend Schwerbehinderte beschäftigen (also beim Überschreiten der Schwelle eine Ausgleichsabgabe zahlen müssten). Allerdings gibt es keine Anzeichen dafür, dass Betriebe in einer ent-sprechenden Situation hinter der Schwelle stärker Beschäftigung abbauen, um diese zu unterschreiten und die Abgabe zu vermeiden.

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Paper provided by Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics in its series Discussion Papers with number 38.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:38
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://www.arbeitsmarkt.wiso.uni-erlangen.de/english-version/

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  1. Bauer, Thomas K. & Bender, Stefan & Bonin, Holger, 2004. "Dismissal Protection and Worker Flows in Small Establishments," IZA Discussion Papers 1105, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  2. Verick, Sher, 2004. "Do Financial Incentives Promote the Employment of the Disabled?," IZA Discussion Papers 1256, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  3. Fabiano Schivardi & Roberto Torrini, 2004. "Threshold Effects and Firm Size: the Case of Firing Costs," CEP Discussion Papers dp0633, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
  4. Boeri, Tito & Jimeno, Juan F, 2003. "The Effects of Employment Protection: Learning from Variable Enforcement," CEPR Discussion Papers 3926, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  5. Joachim Merz, 2005. "The Impact of German Job Protection Legislation on Job Creation in Small Establishments - An Application of the Regression Discontinuity Design," FFB-Discussionpaper 49, Research Institute on Professions (Forschungsinstitut Freie Berufe (FFB)), LEUPHANA University Lüneburg.
  6. Andrea Borgarello & Pietro Garibaldi & Lia Pacelli, 2003. "Employment Protection Legislation and the Size of Firms," LABORatorio R. Revelli Working Papers Series 23, LABORatorio R. Revelli, Centre for Employment Studies.
  7. Verick, Sher, 2004. "Threshold Effects of Dismissal Protection Legislation in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 991, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  8. Kölling, Arnd & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2001. "Bremst das Schwerbehindertengesetz die Arbeitsplatzdynamik in Kleinbetrieben?," Discussion Papers 4, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  9. Wagner, Joachim & Schnabel, Claus & Kölling, Arnd, 2001. "Threshold Values in German Labor Law and Job Dynamics in Small Firms: The Case of the Disability Law," IZA Discussion Papers 386, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  10. White, Halbert, 1980. "A Heteroskedasticity-Consistent Covariance Matrix Estimator and a Direct Test for Heteroskedasticity," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 48(4), pages 817-38, May.
  11. Burgert, Derik, 2005. "The Impact of German Job Protection Legislation on Job Creation in Small Establishments - An Application of the Regression Discontinuity Design," MPRA Paper 5971, University Library of Munich, Germany.
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