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Arbeitsrechtliche Schwellenwerte und betriebliche Arbeitsplatzdynamik: Eine empirische Untersuchung am Beispiel des Schwerbehindertengesetzes

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  • Koller, Lena
  • Schnabel, Claus
  • Wagner, Joachim

Abstract

In dieser Arbeit werden Auswirkungen des deutschen Schwer-behindertengesetzes auf die Arbeitsplatzdynamik mit Daten der Bundesagentur für Arbeit und des IAB-Betriebspanels empirisch überprüft. Die Daten erlauben eine Untersuchung der zweiten Schwelle des Gesetzes von 25 Beschäftigten, bei deren Überschreiten die Betriebe im Untersuchungszeitraum 1999/2000 zwei Arbeitsplätze mit Schwerbehinderten besetzen oder eine Ausgleichsabgabe zahlen mussten. Deskriptive und multivariate Analysen deuten darauf hin, dass das Beschäftigungswachstum leicht gebremst wird, wenn Betriebe kurz vor dieser Schwelle stehen und nicht ausreichend Schwerbehinderte beschäftigen (also beim Überschreiten der Schwelle eine Ausgleichsabgabe zahlen müssten). Allerdings gibt es keine Anzeichen dafür, dass Betriebe in einer ent-sprechenden Situation hinter der Schwelle stärker Beschäftigung abbauen, um diese zu unterschreiten und die Abgabe zu vermeiden.

Suggested Citation

  • Koller, Lena & Schnabel, Claus & Wagner, Joachim, 2005. "Arbeitsrechtliche Schwellenwerte und betriebliche Arbeitsplatzdynamik: Eine empirische Untersuchung am Beispiel des Schwerbehindertengesetzes," Discussion Papers 38, Friedrich-Alexander University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:faulre:38
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Schwerbehinderte; Schwellenwerte; Deutschland;

    JEL classification:

    • J23 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Demand

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