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Einstellungschancen von Älteren – Wie wirkt der Schwellenwert im Kündigungsschutz?

  • Burgert, Derik
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    Ein häufig genannter Vorschlag zur Flexibilisierung des deutschen Arbeitsmarktes ist die Lockerung des Kündigungsschutzgesetzes. Es findet Anwendung für Betriebe, die einen Schwellenwert an Mitarbeitern überschreiten. Die zu untersuchende These ist die, dass diese Schwelle Kleinbetriebe daran hindert Einstellungen vorzunehmen. Änderungen im Schwellenwert in den späten 1990er Jahren bilden die Basis für die Schätzung dieses Effektes mittels eines Regression Discontinuity Designs. Lokale Treatmenteffekte können nichtparametrisch geschätzt werden. Das Papier ist das erste, das die oben genannten Gesetzesänderungen benutzt, um unter minimalen Annahmen der Modellspezifikation für Selbst-Selektion zu kontrollieren. Die Ergebnisse stimmen mit früheren Untersuchungen überein, die keine beschäftigungshemmenden Effekte für Kleinbetriebe nachweisen konnten.

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    File URL: http://mpra.ub.uni-muenchen.de/5846/1/MPRA_paper_5846.pdf
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    Paper provided by University Library of Munich, Germany in its series MPRA Paper with number 5846.

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    Date of creation: Jun 2006
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    Handle: RePEc:pra:mprapa:5846
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    1. Bauer, Thomas K. & Bender, Stefan & Bonin, Holger, 2004. "Dismissal protection and worker flows in small establishments," IAB Discussion Paper 200401, Institut für Arbeitsmarkt- und Berufsforschung (IAB), Nürnberg [Institute for Employment Research, Nuremberg, Germany].
    2. Battistin, Erich & Enrico Rettore, 2003. "Another look at the Regression Discontinuity Design," Royal Economic Society Annual Conference 2003 18, Royal Economic Society.
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    4. Buddelmeyer, Hielke & Skoufias, Emmanuel, 2004. "An evaluation of the performance of regression discontinuity design on PROGRESA," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3386, The World Bank.
    5. John T. Addison & Paulino Teixeira, 2003. "The Economics of Employment Protection," Journal of Labor Research, Transaction Publishers, vol. 24(1), pages 85-129, January.
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    7. Wagner, Joachim & Schnabel, Claus & Kölling, Arnd, 2001. "Threshold Values in German Labor Law and Job Dynamics in Small Firms: The Case of the Disability Law," IZA Discussion Papers 386, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    8. Boockmann, Bernhard & Hagen, Tobias, 2001. "The use of flexible working contracts in West Germany: evidence from an establishment panel," ZEW Discussion Papers 01-33, ZEW - Zentrum für Europäische Wirtschaftsforschung / Center for European Economic Research.
    9. Koller, Lena, 2005. "Arbeitsrechtliche Schwellenwerte: Regelungen an der Schwelle zur Unüberschaubarkeit," Discussion Papers 40, Friedrich-Alexander-University Erlangen-Nuremberg, Chair of Labour and Regional Economics.
    10. Jinyong Hahn & Petra Todd & Wilbert Van der Klaauw, 1999. "Evaluating the Effect of an Antidiscrimination Law Using a Regression-Discontinuity Design," NBER Working Papers 7131, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Verick, Sher, 2004. "Threshold Effects of Dismissal Protection Legislation in Germany," IZA Discussion Papers 991, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    12. Lazear, Edward P, 1990. "Job Security Provisions and Employment," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 105(3), pages 699-726, August.
    13. Jahn, Elke J. & Schnabel, Claus, 2003. "Bestandsschutz durch Abfindungen: Höhere Rechtssicherheit und Effizienz," Wirtschaftsdienst – Zeitschrift für Wirtschaftspolitik (1998 - 2007), ZBW – German National Library of Economics / Leibniz Information Centre for Economics, vol. 83(4), pages 219-223.
    14. Carling, Kenneth & Larsson, Laura, 2002. "Does early intervention help the unemployed youth?," Working Paper Series 2002:10, IFAU - Institute for Evaluation of Labour Market and Education Policy.
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