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Banks' concentration versus diversification in the loan portfolio: New evidence from Germany

  • Jahn, Nadya
  • Memmel, Christoph
  • Pfingsten, Andreas

Using a unique data set on German banks' sector specific loan exposures to the real economy and the corresponding write-offs and write-downs, we examine the impact of loan portfolio sector concentration on credit risk. By controlling for common risk factors, we separate the bank-specific selection and monitoring abilities from the composition of the loan portfolio. In our empirical study for the period 2003-2011, we find that (a) banks which are specialized in certain industries have, on average, lower loan losses, (b) the loss rate of a given industry in a bank's loan portfolio is lower if the bank has major exposures to this industry, and (c) the standard deviation of the loan losses is lower in the case of more focused banks.

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File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/91728/1/776935011.pdf
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Paper provided by Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre in its series Discussion Papers with number 53/2013.

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Date of creation: 2013
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Handle: RePEc:zbw:bubdps:532013
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  7. Mark S. Carey & Mitchell A. Post & Steven A. Sharpe, 1996. "Does corporate lending by banks and finance companies differ? Evidence on specialization in private debt contracting," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 96-25, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.).
  8. Sharpe, Steven A, 1990. " Asymmetric Information, Bank Lending, and Implicit Contracts: A Stylized Model of Customer Relationships," Journal of Finance, American Finance Association, vol. 45(4), pages 1069-87, September.
  9. Kamp, Andreas & Pfingsten, Andreas & Porath, Daniel, 2005. "Do banks diversify loan portfolios? A tentative answer based on individual bank loan portfolios," Discussion Paper Series 2: Banking and Financial Studies 2005,03, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
  10. Evelyn Hayden & Daniel Porath & Natalja Westernhagen, 2007. "Does Diversification Improve the Performance of German Banks? Evidence from Individual Bank Loan Portfolios," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 32(3), pages 123-140, December.
  11. Ricardo Bebczuk & Arturo Galindo, 2007. "Financial crisis and sectoral diversification of Argentine banks, 1999-2004," Applied Financial Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(3), pages 199-211.
  12. Rossi, Stefania P.S. & Schwaiger, Markus S. & Winkler, Gerhard, 2009. "How loan portfolio diversification affects risk, efficiency and capitalization: A managerial behavior model for Austrian banks," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 33(12), pages 2218-2226, December.
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  15. Böve, Rolf & Düllmann, Klaus & Pfingsten, Andreas, 2010. "Do specialization benefits outweigh concentration risks in credit portfolios of German banks?," Discussion Paper Series 2: Banking and Financial Studies 2010,10, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
  16. Behr, Andreas & Kamp, Andreas & Memmel, Christoph & Pfingsten, Andreas, 2007. "Diversification and the banks' risk-return-characteristics: evidence from loan portfolios of German banks," Discussion Paper Series 2: Banking and Financial Studies 2007,05, Deutsche Bundesbank, Research Centre.
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