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Determinants of German FDI: New Evidence from Micro-Data

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  • Toubal, Farid
  • Kleinert, Jörn
  • Buch, Claudia M.

Abstract

This paper provides new evidence on the foreign direct investment stocks of German firms. We use firm-level data for the years 1990-2000 to describe the regional and sectoral patterns of German FDI through gravity-type equations. We provide evidence on the patterns of FDI by sector, by size of the foreign affiliate, and by the number of affiliates per host country. While market size and geographic distance have a significant impact on FDI stocks, we also find differences in the determinants of FDI between sectors as well as between the size of foreign affiliates and the number of foreign affiliates.

Suggested Citation

  • Toubal, Farid & Kleinert, Jörn & Buch, Claudia M., 2003. "Determinants of German FDI: New Evidence from Micro-Data," Discussion Paper Series 1: Economic Studies 2003,09, Deutsche Bundesbank.
  • Handle: RePEc:zbw:bubdp1:4206
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    File URL: https://www.econstor.eu/bitstream/10419/19597/1/200309dkp.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Nikolaos Antonakakis & Gabriele Tondl, 2011. "Do determinants of FDI to developing countries differ among OECD investors? Insights from Bayesian Model Averaging," FIW Working Paper series 076, FIW.
    2. Buch, Claudia M. & Kleinert, Jorn & Toubal, Farid, 2004. "The distance puzzle: on the interpretation of the distance coefficient in gravity equations," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 83(3), pages 293-298, June.
    3. Ellingsen, Gaute & Likumahuwa, Winfried & Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2006. "Outward FDI by Singapore: a different animal?," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 3947, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    4. Nunnenkamp, Peter, 2004. "The German automobile industry and Central Europe's integration into the international division of labour: foreign production, intra-industry trade, and labour market repercussions," Open Access Publications from Kiel Institute for the World Economy 4318, Kiel Institute for the World Economy (IfW).
    5. Farid Toubal, 2004. "Localisation des firmes multinationales allemandes dans les Pays d'Europe de l'Est," Economie & Prévision, La Documentation Française, vol. 163(2), pages 75-86.
    6. Marián Dinga & Vilma Dingová, 2011. "Currency Union and Investment Flows: Estimating the Euro Effect on FDI," Working Papers IES 2011/25, Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, Institute of Economic Studies, revised Jul 2011.
    7. Schmeiser, Katherine N., 2013. "The firm export and FDI choice in the context of gravity," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 27(C), pages 592-596.
    8. Schmeiser, Katherine N. & Ricaurte, Miguel F., 2012. "Tradability and market penetration costs: Explaining foreign market servicing intensities," International Review of Economics & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 22(1), pages 190-200.
    9. Constantina Kottaridi, 2005. "The 'core-periphery' pattern of FDI-led growth and production structure in the EU," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 37(1), pages 99-113.
    10. Claudia M. Buch & Farid Toubal, 2003. "Economic Integration and FDI in Transition Economies: What Can We Learn from German Data?," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 72(4), pages 594-610.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    distance coefficients; gravity equations; foreign direct investment;

    JEL classification:

    • F0 - International Economics - - General
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements

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