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FDI and Trade in Portugal: a gravity analysis

Author

Listed:
  • Ana Paula Africano

    (CEMPRE, Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto)

  • Manuela Magalhaes

    (IPCA e Faculdade de Economia, Universidade do Porto)

Abstract

This study investigates the relation between the stock of foreign direct investment (FDI) and the geographical pattern of trade flows in the Portuguese economy. The gravity model is applied to bilateral trade between Portugal and OECD countries plus Brazil from 1998 to 2000. The stock of inward FDI is positively related to trade suggesting the existence of complementary between the two. This effect is stronger on exports than on imports resulting in a positive impact on trade balance. It is also found that the stock of outward FDI has no significant relation either with Portuguese exports or imports. Finally, FDI helps to explain the above “normal” exports to the EU and the below “normal” imports from Candidate Countries.

Suggested Citation

  • Ana Paula Africano & Manuela Magalhaes, 2005. "FDI and Trade in Portugal: a gravity analysis," FEP Working Papers 174, Universidade do Porto, Faculdade de Economia do Porto.
  • Handle: RePEc:por:fepwps:174
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Geraldo Moreira Bittencourt & Antônio Carvalho Campo, 2014. "Efeitos Da Instabilidade Da Taxa De Câmbio No Comércio Setorial Entre Brasil E Seus Principais Parceiros Comerciais," Anais do XLI Encontro Nacional de Economia [Proceedings of the 41st Brazilian Economics Meeting] 105, ANPEC - Associação Nacional dos Centros de Pós-Graduação em Economia [Brazilian Association of Graduate Programs in Economics].
    2. Jungnickel, Rolf & Borrmann, Christine & Keller, Dietmar, 2005. "What gravity models can tell us about the position of German FDI in Central and Eastern Europe," HWWA Discussion Papers 328, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    3. Claudiu Tiberiu Albulescu & Daniel Goyeau, 2016. "The interaction between trade and FDI: the CEE countries experience," Papers 1609.02334, arXiv.org.
    4. repec:zbw:rwirep:0084 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Monireh Rafat, 2017. "The Interactive Relationship between Regional Trade Integration and Foreign Direct Investment," Iranian Economic Review (IER), Faculty of Economics,University of Tehran.Tehran,Iran, vol. 21(4), pages 809-828, Autumn.
    6. Borrmann, Christine & Jungnickel, Rolf & Keller, Dietmar, 2005. "What Gravity Models Can Tell Us about the Position of German FDI in Central and Eastern Europe," Discussion Paper Series 26386, Hamburg Institute of International Economics.
    7. Mitze, Timo & Alecke, Björn & Untiedt, Gerhard, 2009. "Trade-FDI Linkages in a System of Gravity Equations for German Regional Data," Ruhr Economic Papers 84, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    8. Ketan C. LIMAYE & Achut P. PEDNEKAR, 2019. "Does FDI substitute exports of home country? A case of US FDI in select Asian economies," Theoretical and Applied Economics, Asociatia Generala a Economistilor din Romania / Editura Economica, vol. 0(4(621), W), pages 219-240, Winter.
    9. Bittencourt, Geraldo & Campos, Antonio, 2015. "Impacts of Exchange Rate Instability upon the Brazilian Agribusiness," 2015 Conference, August 9-14, 2015, Milan, Italy 211356, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
    10. Manuela Magalhães & Ana Paula Africano, 2007. "A Panel Analysis of the FDI Impact on International Trade," NIPE Working Papers 6/2007, NIPE - Universidade do Minho.
    11. Beata Udvari, 2016. "The Aid for Trade initiative and the export performance of the Iberian EU-countries," IWE Working Papers 225, Institute for World Economics - Centre for Economic and Regional Studies.
    12. Vera Silva & Rosa Forte, 2018. "The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Home Country Exports," Journal of International Commerce, Economics and Policy (JICEP), World Scientific Publishing Co. Pte. Ltd., vol. 9(01n02), pages 1-22, February.
    13. Judyta Lubacha-Sember & Liwiusz Wojciechowski, 2014. "Uwarunkowania przeplywu polskich bezposrednich inwestycji zagranicznych do krajow Unii Europejskiej. Model grawitacyjny z wykorzystaniem danych panelowych / The determinants of FDI flows from Poland t," International Economics, University of Lodz, Faculty of Economics and Sociology, issue 7, pages 136-149, September.
    14. Marian Catalin Voica & Mirela Panait & Eglantina Hysa & Arjona Cela & Otilia Manta, 2021. "Foreign Direct Investment and Trade—Between Complementarity and Substitution. Evidence from European Union Countries," JRFM, MDPI, vol. 14(11), pages 1-16, November.
    15. I.M. Drapkin & S.A. Lukyanov & R.I. Groznykh, 2020. "Foreign Direct Investment and International Trade: Empirical Analysis of Mutual Influence," Journal of Applied Economic Research, Graduate School of Economics and Management, Ural Federal University, vol. 19(4), pages 441-457.
    16. Mariev Oleg Svyatoslavovich & Drapkin Igor Mikhailovich & Chukavina Kristina Vladimirovna & Rachinger Heiko, 2016. "Determinants of FDI inflows: the case of Russian regions," Экономика региона, CyberLeninka;Федеральное государственное бюджетное учреждение науки «Институт экономики Уральского отделения Российской академии наук», vol. 12(4), pages 1244-1252.
    17. Drapkin, I. & Mariev, O. & Chukavina, K., 2015. "Inflow and Outflow Potentials of Foreign Direct Investment in the Russian Economy: Numerical Estimation Based on the Gravity Approach," Journal of the New Economic Association, New Economic Association, vol. 28(4), pages 75-95.
    18. H. Richard Nakamura & Mikael Olsson & Mikael Lönnborg, 2012. "FDI in the post-EU accession Baltic Sea Region: A global or a regional concern?," Baltic Journal of Economics, Baltic International Centre for Economic Policy Studies, vol. 12(2), pages 89-108, December.
    19. Timo Mitze & Björn Alecke & Gerhard Untiedt, 2009. "Trade-FDI Linkages in a System of Gravity Equations for German Regional Data," Ruhr Economic Papers 0084, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-Universität Bochum, Universität Dortmund, Universität Duisburg-Essen.
    20. Mitze, Timo & Alecke, Björn & Untiedt, Gerhard, 2008. "Trade, FDI and Cross-Variable Linkages: A German (Macro-)Regional Perspective," MPRA Paper 12245, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    21. repec:agr:journl:v:4(621):y:2019:i:4(621):p:219-240 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Mariev Oleg & Drapkin Igor & Chukavina Kristina, 2016. "Is Russia successful in attracting foreign direct investment? Evidence based on gravity model estimation," Review of Economic Perspectives, Sciendo, vol. 16(3), pages 245-267, September.
    23. Claudiu Tiberiu Albulescu & Daniel Goyeau, 2019. "The interaction between trade and FDI: The CEECs experience," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 16(3), pages 489-509, July.

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    Keywords

    International Trade; Foreign Direct Investment; Gravity Model.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F1 - International Economics - - Trade
    • F4 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance

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