Unretirement in England: An Empirical Perspective
Ageing populations place an increasing financial burden on governments. Retired older workers are a source of untapped economic capacity. Maestas (2010) finds 26% of Health and Retirement Study (HRS) sample respondentâ€™s â€˜unretireâ€™. We estimate unretirement rates between 5.5 and 9.2 percent using The English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). Earlier studies using US longitudinal data include Rust (1980), Gustman and Steinmeier (1984) and Hardy (1990) estimate similar rates. Results suggest: age, education, financial planning, unanticipated increases in debt, spouse and duration in retirement play an important role in the decision for a male to unretire.
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