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Eu enlargement and the gains from trade

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  • Demian Calin-Vlad

Abstract

In this paper I quantify the welfare gains of the 2004 EU enlargement as a result of the abolition of border controls, both for incumbents and for new members. I build a multi-sector Ricardian model, allowing for linkages across sectors, similar to the one in Caliendro and Parro (2011). As with a large number of quantitative trade models, the gains crucially depend on one key parameter, the dispersion of productivity. I extend the estimation methodology of Costinot et al. (2012) to a richer modeling setting and compute the dispersion in a way consistent with the underlying theoretical model. Within the model, I compare the welfare changes for 23 countries between 2003 and 2006. I find that new entrants gained significantly more than old members from enlargement. However, the overall changes in real income are rather small, measured in single digits for new entrants and fractions of a percent for old members. I also break down total gains by source and find that allowing for interconnectedness across sectors amplifies the changes in welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Demian Calin-Vlad, 2013. "Eu enlargement and the gains from trade," FIW Working Paper series 108, FIW.
  • Handle: RePEc:wsr:wpaper:y:2013:i:108
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Agnes Szunomar (ed.), 2014. "Chinese investments and financial engagement in Visegrad countries - Myth or reality?," Economic books, Institute for World Economics - Centre for Economic and Regional Studies- Hungarian Academy of Sciences, number 201411.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    EU enlargement; Ricardian Model; structural estimates; welfare gains; multisector; calibration;

    JEL classification:

    • F11 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Neoclassical Models of Trade
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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