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On the Employment Effect of Technology: Evidence from US Manufacturing for 1958-1996

Author

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  • Yongsung Chang

    (Federal Reserve Bank of Richmond)

  • Jay H. Hong

    (University of Pennsylvania)

Abstract

Recently, Gali and others find that technological progress may be contractionary: a favorable technology shock reduces hours worked in the short run. We ask whether this observation is robust in disaggregate data. According to our VAR analysis of 458 four-digit U.S. manufacturing industries for 1958-1996, some industries do exhibit temporary reduction in hours in response to a permanent increase in TFP. However, there are far more industries in which technological progress significantly increases hours. Using micro data on average price duration, we ask whether the difference across industries is related to the stickiness of industry-output prices. Among 87 manufacturing goods, we do not find such a relation.

Suggested Citation

  • Yongsung Chang & Jay H. Hong, 2003. "On the Employment Effect of Technology: Evidence from US Manufacturing for 1958-1996," Macroeconomics 0307004, EconWPA.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpma:0307004 Note: Type of Document - Pdf; prepared on IBM PC; to print on HP;
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

    1. Chahnez Boudaya, 2006. "Stage-specific technology shocks and employment :could we reconcile with the RBC models ?," Cahiers de la Maison des Sciences Economiques v06043, Université Panthéon-Sorbonne (Paris 1).
    2. Giancarlo Corsetti & Luca Dedola & Sylvain Leduc, 2008. "Productivity, External Balance, and Exchange Rates: Evidence on the Transmission Mechanism among G7 Countries," NBER Chapters,in: NBER International Seminar on Macroeconomics 2006, pages 117-194 National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Francesco Franco & Thomas Philippon, 2007. "Firms and Aggregate Dynamics," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, pages 587-600.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Technology Shocks; Hours Fluctuations; Sticky Prices;

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles

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