Unobserved Factor Utilization, Technology Shocks and Business Cycles
We derive a measure of technological change using firm-level panel data and controlling for imperfect competition, increasing returns and unobserved factor utilization. We show that the latter variable accounts for a relevant portion of the cyclicality of the Solow residual. Our key finding is that technological shocks result in a contraction of inputs on impact. Whilst this result is hard to reconcile with the transmission mechanism of real business cycle models, it is consistent with simple sticky-price models. Using survey information on the frequency and size of price revisions, we show that the evidence on the contractionary effects of technology shocks is indeed much stronger for firms with stickier prices.
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- Luigi Guiso & Fabiano Schivardi, 2000.
"Information Spillovers and Factor Adjustment,"
Temi di discussione (Economic working papers)
368, Bank of Italy, Economic Research and International Relations Area.
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