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Role of Industrial District Externalities in Export and Value-added Performance: Evidence from the Population of Italian Firms

  • Leonardo Becchetti
  • Andrea De Panizza
  • Filippo Oropallo

Becchetti L., De Panizza A. and Oropallo F. (2007) Role of industrial district externalities in export and value-added performance: evidence from the population of Italian firms, Regional Studies 41, 601-621. The paper tries to shed light on the export and value-added performance of industrial districts by integrating information on the population of Italian firms (from the ASIA database of the Italian Statistical Institute) with balance sheet data for all limited-liability companies in selected manufacturing industries. The findings show that firms located in industrial districts (specialized or not in the leading manufacturing activity of the district) export more and have higher added value than firms located elsewhere, net of the impact of relevant controls. The robustness check undertaken on the agglomeration-performance nexus detects, as expected, a significant relationship between dichotomous district indicators and (global and industry-specific) continuous measures of agglomeration and specialization. Export and value-added performance results are confirmed when proxying location in industrial districts with these continuous variables and when considering the weight of subcontracting and outsourcing activities of productive units as additional controls. Becchetti L., De Panizza A. et Oropallo F. (2007) Le role des effets externes industriels dans les performances des exportations et de la valeur ajoutee: des preuves aupres des entreprises italiennes, Regional Studies 41, 601-621. Cet article cherche a eclaircir les performances des exportations et de la valeur ajoutee des districts industriels en integrant des donnees aupres du parc d'entreprises italiennes (la base de donnees ASIA de l'Institut italien de la statistique) a un bilan pour toute societe a responsabilite limitee dans certains secteurs industriels. Il s'avere que les entreprises situees dans des districts industriels (qu'elles se specialisent dans l'activite phare industrielle du district ou non) exportent plus et jouissent d'une valeur ajoutee plus elevee que ne le font les entreprises situees ailleurs, compte tenu de l'impact des controles en cours. Le controle de solidite fait sur la connexion agglomeration-performances laisse voir, comme prevu, un important rapport entre des indicateurs dichotomiques des districts et des mesures d'agglomeration et de specialisation continues (a la fois globales et specifiques). Si l'on assume des emplacements dans des districts industriels a partir de ces variables continues, et que l'on considere le poids de la sous-traitance et des approvisionnements externes des etablissements productifs comme des controles supplementaires, les performances des exportations et de la valeur ajoutee sont confirmees. Mesures d'agglomeration geographique Districts industriels Performances des exportations Becchetti L., De Panizza A. und Oropallo F. (2007) Die Rolle der Externalitaten von industriellen Bezirken fur die Export- und Wertsteigerungsleistung: Belege aus der Bevolkerung italienischer Firmen, Regional Studies 41, 601-621. In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir die Exporte und die Wertsteigerungsleistung industrieller Bezirke, indem wir Informationen uber die Bevolkerung von italienischen Firmen (aus der ASIA-Datenbank des Statistikinstituts Italiens) mit den Bilanzdaten aller Gesellschaften mit beschrankter Haftung in ausgewahlten produzierenden Branchen kombinieren. Unsere Ergebnisse zeigen, dass Firmen in industriellen Bezirken (unabhangig davon, ob sie auf die fuhrende produzierende Aktivitat in diesem Bezirk spezialisiert sind) mehr exportieren und eine hohere Wertsteigerung erfahren als Firmen an anderen Standorten, auch wenn die Auswirkung der relevanten Kontrollen berucksichtigt wird. Die Robustheitsprufung der Ballungs-Leistungs-Verknupfung zeigt wie erwartet eine signifikante Beziehung zwischen den dichotomen Bezirksindikatoren und den (globalen und branchenspezifischen) kontinuierlichen Massstaben der Ballung und Spezialisierung. Die Ergebnisse hinsichtlich des Exports und der Wertsteigerungsleistung werden bestatigt, wenn man den Standort in industriellen Bezirken durch diese kontinuierlichen Variablen ersetzt und das Gewicht der Zulieferung und externen Vergabe von produktiven Einheiten als zusatzliche Kontrolle berucksichtigt. Geografische Ballungsmassstabe Industrielle Bezirke Exportleistung Becchetti L., De Panizza A. y Oropallo F. (2007) El papel de los efectos externos en comarcas industriales para el rendimiento de exportacion y de valor anadido: ejemplo de la poblacion en empresas italianas, Regional Studies 41, 601-621. Con este ensayo pretendemos arrojar luz sobre el rendimiento de exportacion y valor anadido de las comarcas industriales al combinar informacion sobre la poblacion de las empresas italianas (base de datos ASIA del Instituto Italiano de Estadisticas) con datos de balances financieros para todas las sociedades de responsabilidad limitada en selectas industrias manufactureras. Nuestros resultados indican que las empresas ubicadas en comarcas industriales (especializadas o no en actividades lideres de fabricacion en la comarca) exportan mas y tienen un valor anadido superior que las empresas ubicadas en otros lugares, aunque se tenga en cuenta el impacto de los controles pertinentes. Al comprobar la solidez de los nexos entre aglomeracion y rendimiento, se detecta, tal como se preveia, una relacion significativa entre los indicadores dicotomicos de comarcas y las medidas continuas (para una industria o para todas) de aglomeracion y especializacion. Se confirman los resultados del rendimiento de la exportacion y del valor anadido al sustituir la ubicacion en las comarcas industriales por estas variables continuas y al considerar el peso de los subcontratos y servicios externos de gestion de las unidades productivas como controles adicionales. Medidas de aglomeracion geografica Comarcas industriales Rendimiento de exportacion

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Article provided by Taylor & Francis Journals in its journal Regional Studies.

Volume (Year): 41 (2007)
Issue (Month): 5 ()
Pages: 601-621

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Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:41:y:2007:i:5:p:601-621
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