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Technology Shocks and Monetary Policy: Assessing the Fed's Performance

Author

Listed:
  • Galí, Jordi
  • Lopez-Salido, Jose David
  • Vallés Liberal, Javier

Abstract

The purpose of the present Paper is twofold. First, we characterize the Fed’s systematic response to technology shocks and its implications for US output, hours and inflation. Second we evaluate the extent to which those responses can be accounted for by a simple monetary policy rule (including the optimal one) in the context of a standard business cycle model with sticky prices. Our main results can be described as follows: First, we detect significant differences across periods in the response of the economy (as well as the Fed’s) to a technology shock. Second, the Fed’s response to a technology shock in the Volcker-Greenspan period is consistent with an optimal monetary policy rule. Third, in the pre-Volcker period the Fed’s policy tended to over stabilize output at the cost of generating excessive inflation volatility. Our evidence reinforces recent results in the literature suggesting an improvement in the Fed’s performance.

Suggested Citation

  • Galí, Jordi & Lopez-Salido, Jose David & Vallés Liberal, Javier, 2002. "Technology Shocks and Monetary Policy: Assessing the Fed's Performance," CEPR Discussion Papers 3211, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:3211
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Miles S. Kimball & John G. Fernald & Susanto Basu, 2006. "Are Technology Improvements Contractionary?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 96(5), pages 1418-1448, December.
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    3. Gali, Jordi & Gertler, Mark, 1999. "Inflation dynamics: A structural econometric analysis," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(2), pages 195-222, October.
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    5. Andres, Javier & David Lopez-Salido, J. & Valles, Javier, 2002. "Intertemporal substitution and the liquidity effect in a sticky price model," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 46(8), pages 1399-1421, September.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    fed behaviour; monetary targeting; optimal monetary policy; taylor rule;

    JEL classification:

    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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