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Evolución de las diferencias salariales entre el sector público y el sector privado en Uruguay


  • Maximo Rossi

    (Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, UDELAR)

  • Fernanda Rivas

    (Department of Economics, Faculty of Social Sciences, UDELAR)


Este trabajo tuvo como objetivo: i) el estudio de la evolución del diferencial de salarios entre el sector público y privado y, ii) analizar el impacto en la distribución del ingreso de dicha evolución. Las principales conclusiones del trabajo son: -El salario promedio por hora es mayor en el sector público que en el privado. -El salario base es sustancialmente mayor en el sector público que en el privado, no obstante los retornos al capital humano son mayores en el sector privado. Se observa una variación importante de las diferencias en el salario base a partir de 1996. -La descomposición de las diferencias salariales entre públicos y privados muestran una ventaja total para los públicos a partir de 1996. -La desigualdad salarial es siempre mayor en el sector privado que en el sector público. En el período considerado se encuentra un cambio importante en cuanto a la contribución de cada sector a la desigualdad total. Aumenta de manera notoria la explicación de la desigualdad total por parte de los salarios públicos.

Suggested Citation

  • Maximo Rossi & Fernanda Rivas, 2004. "Evolución de las diferencias salariales entre el sector público y el sector privado en Uruguay," Labor and Demography 0409010, University Library of Munich, Germany.
  • Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpla:0409010
    Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 28

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Terrell, Katherine, 1993. "Public-private wage differentials in Haiti Do public servants earn a rent?," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 42(2), pages 293-314, December.
    2. Daniel Miles & Máximo Rossi, 1999. "Geographic concentration and structure of wages in developing countries: the case of Uruguay," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 1399, Department of Economics - dECON.
    3. Yun, Myeong-Su, 1999. "Generalized Selection Bias and The Decomposition of Wage Differentials," IZA Discussion Papers 69, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
    4. Neuman, Shoshana & Oaxaca, Ronald L, 1998. "Estimating Labour Market Discrimination with Selectivity Corrected Wage Equations: Methodological Considerations and an Illustration from Israel," CEPR Discussion Papers 1915, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    5. Cotton, Jeremiah, 1988. "On the Decomposition of Wage Differentials," The Review of Economics and Statistics, MIT Press, vol. 70(2), pages 236-243, May.
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    Cited by:

    1. Marisa Bucheli & Graciela Sanroman, 2004. "Salarios Femeninos en el Uruguay ¿Existe un Techo de Cristal?," Documentos de Trabajo (working papers) 0504, Department of Economics - dECON.

    More about this item


    wages; differentials; labor market; public;

    JEL classification:

    • J - Labor and Demographic Economics


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