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Knowledge Sources of Innovation in a Small, Open Economy: The Case of Singapore

  • Poh Kam Wong

    (Entrepreneurship Centre, National University of Singapore)

  • Yuen Ping Ho

    (Entrepreneurship Centre, National University of Singapore)

By tracing the flows of patent citation of prior patents and scientific journal articles, we investigate the sources of knowledge for innovation output in Singapore, a small, highly open economy that has traditionally been significantly dependent on foreign multinational corporations (MNCs). We found that the local production of new knowledge by indigenous Singaporean firms depends disproportionately on technological knowledge produced by MNCs with operational presence in Singapore and scientific knowledge generated by foreign universities. Locally produced new knowledge by indigenous firms and local universities constitute an insignificant, albeit rapidly growing, source for innovation in Singapore.

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File URL: http://econwpa.repec.org/eps/dev/papers/0504/0504015.pdf
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Paper provided by EconWPA in its series Development and Comp Systems with number 0504015.

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Length: 27 pages
Date of creation: 28 Apr 2005
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:wpa:wuwpdc:0504015
Note: Type of Document - pdf; pages: 27
Contact details of provider: Web page: http://econwpa.repec.org

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  1. Paul Krugman, 1990. "Increasing Returns and Economic Geography," NBER Working Papers 3275, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
  2. Jaffe, A.B. & Trajtenberg, M., 1992. "Geographic Localization of Knowledge Spillovers as Evidenced by Patent Citations," Papers 14-92, Tel Aviv.
  3. Branstetter, Lee G., 2001. "Are knowledge spillovers international or intranational in scope?: Microeconometric evidence from the U.S. and Japan," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(1), pages 53-79, February.
  4. Griliches, Zvi, 1992. " The Search for R&D Spillovers," Scandinavian Journal of Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 94(0), pages S29-47, Supplemen.
  5. Audretsch, David B & Feldman, Maryann P, 1996. "R&D Spillovers and the Geography of Innovation and Production," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 86(3), pages 630-40, June.
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