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Does Custody Law Affect Family Behavior In and Out of Marriage?

Author

Listed:
  • Rene Böheim

    (Department of Economics, University of Linz)

  • Marco Francesconi

    (Department of Economics, University of Essex)

  • Martin Halla

    () (Department of Economics, Vienna University of Economics and Business)

Abstract

We examine the effect of joint custody on marriage, divorce, fertility and female employment in Austria using individual-level administrative data, covering the entire population. We also use unique data obtained from court records to analyze the effect on post-divorce outcomes. Our estimates show that joint custody significantly reduces divorce and female employment rates, significantly increases marriage and marital birth rates, and leads to a substantial increase in the total money transfer received by mothers after divorce. We interpret these results as evidence against Becker-Coase bargains and in support of a mechanism driven by a resource redistribution that favors men giving them greater incentives to invest in marriage specific capital.

Suggested Citation

  • Rene Böheim & Marco Francesconi & Martin Halla, 2013. "Does Custody Law Affect Family Behavior In and Out of Marriage?," Department of Economics Working Papers wuwp149, Vienna University of Economics and Business, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwwuw:wuwp149
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    Citations

    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Joint custody, marriages, divorces and the rest
      by René Böheim in Econ Tidbits on 2012-12-05 17:55:00

    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Martin Halla, 2015. "Do joint custody laws improve family well-being?," IZA World of Labor, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA), pages 147-147, May.
    2. Carole Bonnet & Bertrand Garbinti & Anne Solaz, 2018. "Does Part-Time Mothering Help Get a Job? The Role of Shared Custody in Women’s Employment," CASE Papers /209, Centre for Analysis of Social Exclusion, LSE.
    3. de Blasio, Guido & Vuri, Daniela, 2013. "Joint Custody in the Italian Courts," IZA Discussion Papers 7472, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Divorce; Fertility; Bargaining; Intrahousehold Allocations; Austria;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • J18 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Public Policy
    • K36 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - Family and Personal Law
    • N32 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - U.S.; Canada: 1913-
    • R2 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Household Analysis

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