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Monetary transmission in low income countries

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Abstract

This paper reviews the monetary transmission mechanism in low income countries (LICs). We use monetary transmission in advanced and emerging markets as a benchmark to identify aspects of the transmission mechanism that may operate differently in LICs. In particular, we focus on the effects of financial market structure on monetary transmission. The weak institutional framework prevalent in LICs drastically reduces the role of securities markets and increases the cost of bank lending to private firms. Coupled with imperfect competition in the banking sector, this means that banks with chronically high excess reserves invest in domestic public bonds or (when possible) in foreign bonds. With the financial system not intermediating funds properly, the traditional monetary transmission channels (interest rate, bank lending, and asset price) are impaired. The exchange rate channel, on the other hand, tends to be undermined by central bank intervention in the foreign exchange market. These conclusions are supported by review of the institutional frameworks, statistical analysis, and previous literature.

Suggested Citation

  • Prachi Mishra & Antonio Spilimbergo & Peter Montiel, 2010. "Monetary transmission in low income countries," Department of Economics Working Papers 2010-14, Department of Economics, Williams College.
  • Handle: RePEc:wil:wileco:2010-14
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    Cited by:

    1. Perera, Anil & Wickramanayake, J., 2016. "Determinants of commercial bank retail interest rate adjustments: Evidence from a panel data model," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 1-20.
    2. Muhammad-Bashir Owolabi Yusuf & Gairuzazmi Mat Ghani & Ahamed Kameel Mydin Meera, 2013. "The Challenges of Implementing Gold Dinar in Kelantan: An Empirical Analysis," Institutions and Economies (formerly known as International Journal of Institutions and Economies), Faculty of Economics and Administration, University of Malaya, vol. 5(3), pages 97-114, October.
    3. Ma, Yong & Lin, Xingkai, 2016. "Financial development and the effectiveness of monetary policy," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 68(C), pages 1-11.
    4. Nikoloz Gigineishvili, 2011. "Determinants of Interest Rate Pass-Through; Do Macroeconomic Conditions and Financial Market Structure Matter?," IMF Working Papers 11/176, International Monetary Fund.
    5. Ghazanchyan, Manuk, 2014. "Unraveling the Monetary Policy Transmission Mechanism in Sri Lanka," MPRA Paper 59444, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Aysun, Uluc & Brady, Ryan & Honig, Adam, 2013. "Financial frictions and the strength of monetary transmission," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 32(C), pages 1097-1119.
    7. Andrew Berg & Filiz D Unsal & Rafael A Portillo, 2010. "On the Optimal Adherence to Money Targets in a New-Keynesian Framework; An Application to Low-Income Countries," IMF Working Papers 10/134, International Monetary Fund.
    8. Ila Patnaik & Ajay Shah & Rudrani Bhattacharya, 2011. "Monetary Policy Transmission in an Emerging Market Setting," IMF Working Papers 11/5, International Monetary Fund.
    9. Adigozalov, Shaig & Huseynov, Salman, 2015. "İnflyasiya hədəflənməsinin əməliyyat çərçivəsi: ölkə təcrübələri AMB üçün nə vəd edir?
      [Operational framework of Inflation Targeting: what promises do country experiences make to the CBAR?]
      ," MPRA Paper 76349, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    10. Santiago Acosta Ormaechea & David O Coble Fernandez, 2011. "The Monetary Transmission in Dollarized and Non-Dollarized Economies; The Cases of Chile, New Zealand, Peru and Uruguay," IMF Working Papers 11/87, International Monetary Fund.
    11. Francis Leni Anguyo & Rangan Gupta & Kevin Kotze, 2017. "Monetary Policy and Financial Frictions in a Small Open-Economy Model for Uganda," School of Economics Macroeconomic Discussion Paper Series 2017-01, School of Economics, University of Cape Town.
    12. Nyorekwa, Enock Twinoburyo & Odhiambo, Nicholas Mbaya, 2016. "Can monetary policy drive economic growth? Empirical evidence from Tanzania," Working Papers 21122, University of South Africa, Department of Economics.
    13. Anastasiou, Dimitrios, 2017. "Macroeconomic Determinants of MIR Rate: Evidence from the Euro area," MPRA Paper 80972, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    14. Jamilov, Rustam, 2012. "Channels of Monetary Transmission in the CIS," MPRA Paper 39568, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Mauricio Moura & Caio Piza & Marcos Poplawski-Ribeiro, 2011. "The Distributive Effects of Land Titleon Labor Supply; Evidence From Brazil," IMF Working Papers 11/131, International Monetary Fund.
    16. International Monetary Fund, 2015. "Angola; Selected Issues," IMF Staff Country Reports 15/302, International Monetary Fund.
    17. Patrick Mumbi Chileshe & Olusegun Ayodele Akanbi, 2016. "The effect of Bank competition on the effectiveness of the Interest Rate Channel of Monetary Policy Transmission," International Journal of Economic Sciences, International Institute of Social and Economic Sciences, vol. 5(3), pages 10-32, September.
    18. Guizani, Brahim, 2015. "Effectiveness of Monetary Policy In Economies in Democratic Transition: Evidence from Tunisia," MPRA Paper 63205, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. repec:eee:jimfin:v:81:y:2018:i:c:p:159-184 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    monetary policy; exchange rate; interest rate; banks; credit; institutions;

    JEL classification:

    • E5 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development
    • O16 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Financial Markets; Saving and Capital Investment; Corporate Finance and Governance

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