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Latin American universities and the third mission : trends, challenges, and policy options

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  • Thorn, Kristian
  • Soo, Maarja

Abstract

Universities in Latin America are increasingly considered instruments of social and economic development and face rising expectations in regard to supplying relevant skills, undertaking applied research, and engaging in commercial activity. The paper discusses trends and challenges within Latin American universities, as well as policy options available for strengthening their contributions to social and economic development. The so-called third mission of universities is often equated with knowledge transfer narrowly defined as licensing and commercialization of research. The paper adopts a broader approach and explores how the new role of universities affects all aspects of academic practice in Latin America, including advanced education and research. It concludes that policymakers and university managers in Latin America face an important challenge of defining a legal framework, sound management procedures, and notably, incentive systems that stimulate outreach and entrepreneurship among students and staff while recognizing and preserving the distinct roles of universities.

Suggested Citation

  • Thorn, Kristian & Soo, Maarja, 2006. "Latin American universities and the third mission : trends, challenges, and policy options," Policy Research Working Paper Series 4002, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:4002
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    3. World Bank, 2006. "World Development Indicators 2006," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 8151.
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    5. Meyer-Krahmer, Frieder & Schmoch, Ulrich, 1998. "Science-based technologies: university-industry interactions in four fields," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 27(8), pages 835-851, December.
    6. Thorn, Kristian & Holm-Nielsen, Lauritz & Jeppesen, Jette Samuel, 2004. "Approaches to results-based funding in tertiary education : identifying finance reform options for Chile," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3436, The World Bank.
    7. Dasgupta, Partha & David, Paul, 1985. "Information Disclosure and the Economics of Science and Technology," CEPR Discussion Papers 73, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:hig:fsight:v:11:y:2017:i:2:p:27-42 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Heitor, Manuel & Horta, Hugo & Mendonça, Joana, 2014. "Developing human capital and research capacity: Science policies promoting brain gain," Technological Forecasting and Social Change, Elsevier, vol. 82(C), pages 6-22.
    3. Jakeline Serrano García & Jorge Robledo Velásquez, 2013. "Variables Para La Medición De Las Capacidades De Innovación Tecnológica En Instituciones Universitarias," REVISTA CIENCIAS ESTRATÉGICAS, UNIVERSIDAD PONTIFICIA BOLIVARIANA, July.

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    Keywords

    Tertiary Education; Agricultural Knowledge&Information Systems; Rural Development Knowledge&Information Systems; ICT Policy and Strategies; Secondary Education;

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