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Fiscal policy in commodity-exporting LDCs

Author

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  • Cuddington, John

Abstract

Revenues in countries that rely heavily on one or two primary commodities tend to fluctuate widely with prices in international markets. This fluctuation is especially wide when export taxes are a large part of the total tax base but also when the private sector reaps most of the gains from booming prices. Most developing countries have over consumed in response to windfalls from surges in world prices. In many cases government spending has outstripped the gain in revenues. These sharp increases in government spending are difficult to reverse when the boom ends and often lead to large fiscal deficits rather than surpluses. Several countries, however, whose policies emphasize conservative fiscal management, have generally benefitted from booms. Clearly, good fiscal control during periodic boom episodes enables these booms to temporarily accelerate the rate of economic development.

Suggested Citation

  • Cuddington, John, 1988. "Fiscal policy in commodity-exporting LDCs," Policy Research Working Paper Series 33, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:33
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Khan, Mohsin S, 1986. "Developing Country Exchange Rate Policy Responses to Exogenous Shocks," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(2), pages 84-87, May.
    2. Ahamed, Liaquat, 1986. "Stabilization Policies in Developing Countries," World Bank Research Observer, World Bank Group, vol. 1(1), pages 79-110, January.
    3. Adams, F Gerard & Behrman, Jere R & Roldan, Romualdo A, 1979. "Measuring the Impact of Primary Commodity Fluctuations on Economic Development: Coffee and Brazil," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 69(2), pages 164-168, May.
    4. Cuddington, John T. & Urzua, Carlos M., 1989. "Trends and cycles in Colombia's real GDP and fiscal deficit," Journal of Development Economics, Elsevier, vol. 30(2), pages 325-343, April.
    5. Balassa, Bela, 1986. "Policy Responses to Exogenous Shocks in Developing Countries," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 76(2), pages 75-78, May.
    6. J. Peter Neary & Sweder van Wijnbergen, 1985. "Natural resources and the macroeconomy : a theoretical framework," Working Papers 198536, School of Economics, University College Dublin.
    7. Corden, W M, 1984. "Booming Sector and Dutch Disease Economics: Survey and Consolidation," Oxford Economic Papers, Oxford University Press, vol. 36(3), pages 359-380, November.
    8. Cardoso, Eliana, 1981. "The Great Depression and Commodity-exporting LDCs: The Case of Brazil," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 89(6), pages 1239-1250, December.
    9. Svensson, Lars E O & Razin, Assaf, 1983. "The Terms of Trade and the Current Account: The Harberger-Laursen-Metzler Effect," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 91(1), pages 97-125, February.
    10. Neary, J Peter & van Wijnbergen, S, 1984. "Can an Oil Discovery Lead to a Recession? A Comment," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 94(374), pages 390-395, June.
    11. Pinto, Brian, 1987. "Nigeria during and after the Oil Boom: A Policy Comparison with Indonesia," World Bank Economic Review, World Bank Group, vol. 1(3), pages 419-445, May.
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Nowak, Jean-Jacques, 1995. "Le syndrome néerlandais : relations intersectorielles et vulnérabilité des branches exposées," L'Actualité Economique, Société Canadienne de Science Economique, vol. 71(3), pages 308-333, septembre.
    2. Everhart, Stephen & Duval-Hernandez, Robert, 2001. "Management of oil windfalls in Mexico : historical experience and policy options for the future," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2592, The World Bank.
    3. Jean-François Brun & Gérard Chambas & Bertrand Laporte, 1999. "Financement externe et politique budgétaire : le rôle du STABEX," Revue Tiers Monde, Programme National Persée, vol. 40(160), pages 775-787.
    4. Boccara, Bruno & Devarajan, Shantayanan, 1993. "Determinants of inflation among franc zone countries in Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1197, The World Bank.
    5. Boccara, Bruno & DEC, 1994. "Why higher fiscal spending persists when a boom in primary commodities ends," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1295, The World Bank.
    6. World Bank, 2003. "Azerbaijan : Public Expenditure Review," World Bank Other Operational Studies 13825, The World Bank.
    7. Lee Robinson & Alice Nicole Sindzingre, 2012. "China’s Ambiguous Impacts on Commodity-Dependent Countries: the Example of Sub-Saharan Africa (with a Focus on Zambia)," EconomiX Working Papers 2012-39, University of Paris Nanterre, EconomiX.
    8. Isidro Hernandez Rodríguez, 2011. "Tributación y desarrollo en perspectiva," Revista de Economía Institucional, Universidad Externado de Colombia - Facultad de Economía, vol. 13(24), pages 271-302, January-J.

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