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Deregulating technology transfer in agriculture : reform's impact on turkey in the 1980s


  • Gisselquist, David
  • Pray, Carl


Turkey is one of a handful of developing countries that have liberalized regulation of agricultural inputs and welcome private firms delivering technology and inputs. The authors show that Turkish regulatory reform affecting seeds and other inputs in the 1980s: 1) Greatly increased private technology transfer into Turkey. 2) Encouraged market entry for more foreign and domestic companies involved in production and trade in Turkey. 3) Allowed private firms to increase their share of input markets. 4) Where inputs brought new technology, allowed farmers to significantly increase yields and production. The authors recommend that the World Bank and other donors involved with agriculture pay more attention to the regulation of inputs in developing countries. They also recommend that developing country governments revise regulations to leave choices about technology performance to farmers and markets - and to focus instead on externalities, removing unnecessary obstacles to provide technology transfer through the production and trade of inputs. Other countries that have similarly reformed the regulation of agricultural inputs include Chile (in the 1970s), Bangladesh and India (at the end of the 1980s), Malawi (in 1995-96), and Romania (in 1997).

Suggested Citation

  • Gisselquist, David & Pray, Carl, 1999. "Deregulating technology transfer in agriculture : reform's impact on turkey in the 1980s," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2086, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:2086

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pray, Carl E., 1990. "The potential impact of liberalizing India's seed laws," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 193-198, June.
    2. Pray, Carl E. & Echeverria, Ruben G., 1988. "Transferring hybrid maize technology : The role of the private sector," Food Policy, Elsevier, vol. 13(4), pages 366-374, November.
    3. Alston, Julian M. & Pardey, Philip G. & Taylor, Michael J., 2001. "Agricultural science policy," Food policy statements 32, International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI).
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