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Agricultural trade and rural development in the Middle East and North Africa: recent developments and prospects

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  • DeRosa, Dean A.

Abstract

Despite petroleum's prominence in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA), agriculture remains important to most to the region's economies. And more robust and more dynamic agricultural growth could significantly boost sustainable economic growth and rural development in those countries. An appropriate avenue for improving agricultural growth is to expand agricultural exports in MENA countries with appreciable-to-large agricultural sectors and comparative advantage in cereal grains, agricultural raw materials, fruits and vegetables, and many categories of livestock and dairy products. But high levels of protection in many MENA countries, especially for manufactures and some food products, contribute to overvalued exchange rates and a significant bias against agriculture. Trade liberalization and other economic reforms to promote agriculture and improve rural welfare in MENA might be pursued through regional economic cooperation, but should be guided as much as possible by the principles of"open regionalism"- under which trade concessions negotiated between regional trading partners could be extended unconditionally to all trading partners, including trading partners outside the region.

Suggested Citation

  • DeRosa, Dean A., 1997. "Agricultural trade and rural development in the Middle East and North Africa: recent developments and prospects," Policy Research Working Paper Series 1732, The World Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:wbk:wbrwps:1732
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    Cited by:

    1. Crescenzo dell'Aquila & Marijke Kuiper, 2003. "Which Road to Liberalization? A first assessment of the EuroMed association agreements," ENARPRI Working Papers 002, ENARPRI (European Network of Agricultural and Rural Policy Research Institutes).
    2. Dell'Aquila, Crescenzo & Kuiper, Marijke H., 2003. "Which Road To Liberalisation? A First Assessment of the EuroMed Association Agreements," ENARPRI Working Papers 25129, European Network of Agricultural and Rural Policy Research Institutes (ENARPRI).
    3. Kuiper, Marijke H. & Dell'Aquila, Crescenzo, 2004. "Euro-Mediterranean Partnership; State Of Affairs And Key Policy And Research Issues," Report Series 29122, Wageningen University and Research Center, Agricultural Economics Research Institute.

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