Is It Possible to De-dollarize? The Case of Ecuador
The policy reform termed dollarization, adoption of a foreign currency as the domestic currency, is widely believed to be irreversible. The paper presents counter examples, while noting that the Latin American "hard pegs" present problems that are more complex. It then uses Ecuador, the longest-lasting of the recent dollarizers, to examine all aspects of the possibility and process of de-dollarizing. Presentation of economic performance before and after dollarization leads to consideration of possible steps that could maintain the policy. Examination of the benefits of de-dollarization follows, with careful consideration of how a process of de-dollarization might be implemented. Since Ecuador may embark on this course, the paper provides a comprehensive and necessary examination of the issues involved
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|Date of creation:||2003|
|Date of revision:|
|Publication status:||Published in International Journal of Political Economy, Spring 2003, 33(1), pp.42-60|
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- Dean, James W., 2001. "Should Latin America's common law marriages to the US dollar be legalized? Should Canada's?," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 23(3), pages 291-300, April.
- Owen F. Humpage, 2002. "An incentive-compatible suggestion for seigniorage sharing with dollarizing countries," Policy Discussion Papers, Federal Reserve Bank of Cleveland, issue Jun.
- Michael Melvin & Bettina Peiers, 1996. "Dollarization In Developing Countries: Rational Remedy Or Domestic Dilemma?," Contemporary Economic Policy, Western Economic Association International, vol. 14(3), pages 30-40, 07.
- Reinhart, Carmen & Calvo, Guillermo, 2002.
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14000, University Library of Munich, Germany.
- Lee Alston & Andres Gallo, 2002. "The Political Economy of Bank Reform in Argentina Under Convertibility," Journal of Economic Policy Reform, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 5(1), pages 1-16.
- Edgar L. Feige & Vedran Šošiæ & Michael Faulend & Velimir Šonje, 2002. "Unofficial Dollarization in Latin America: Currency Substitution, Network Externalities and Irreversibility," International Finance 0205002, EconWPA.
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