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A theory of international conflict management and sanctioning

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  • Nuno Garoupa
  • Joao E. Gata

Abstract

In this paper we analyze sanctioning policies in international law. We develop a model of international military conflict where the conflicting countries can be a target of international sanctions. These sanctions constitute an equilibrium outcome of an international political market for sanctions, where different countries trade political influence. We show that the level of sanctions in equilibrium is strictly positive but limited, in the sense that higher sanctions would exacerbate the military conflict, not reduce it. We then propose an alternative interpretation to the perceived lack of effectiveness of international sanctions, by showing that the problem might not be one of undersanctioning but of oversanctioning.

Suggested Citation

  • Nuno Garoupa & Joao E. Gata, 2000. "A theory of international conflict management and sanctioning," Economics Working Papers 481, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
  • Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:481
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Kaemfer, William H & Lowenberg, Anton D, 1988. "The Theory of International Economic Sanctions: A Public Choice Approach," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 78(4), pages 786-793, September.
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    3. Kaempfer, William H & Lowenberg, Anton D, 1989. "The Theory of International Economic Sanctions--A Public Choice Approach: Reply," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 79(5), pages 1304-1306, December.
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    8. Hirshleifer, Jack, 1995. "Anarchy and Its Breakdown," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 103(1), pages 26-52, February.
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    10. Jack Hirshleifer, 1989. "Conflict and rent-seeking success functions: Ratio vs. difference models of relative success," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 63(2), pages 101-112, November.
    11. van Bergeijk, Peter A G, 1989. "Success and Failure of Economic Sanctions," Kyklos, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 42(3), pages 385-404.
    12. Downs, George W. & Rocke, David M. & Barsoom, Peter N., 1996. "Is the good news about compliance good news about cooperation?," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 50(03), pages 379-406, June.
    13. Diehl, Paul F. & Reifschneider, Jennifer & Hensel, Paul R., 1996. "United Nations intervention and recurring conflict," International Organization, Cambridge University Press, vol. 50(04), pages 683-700, September.
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    20. repec:cup:apsrev:v:79:y:1985:i:04:p:943-957_23 is not listed on IDEAS
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Caruso, Raul, 2007. "Conflict and Conflict Managment with Asymmetric Stakes (The Bad-Cop and the Good Cop part II)," MPRA Paper 1438, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    2. Caruso Raul, 2006. "Conflict and Conflict Management with Interdependent Instruments and Asymmetric Stakes, (The Good-Cop and the Bad-Cop Game)," Peace Economics, Peace Science, and Public Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 12(1), pages 1-55, September.
    3. Konstantin Yanovskiy & Sergey Zhavoronkov, 2005. "Politico_economic Aspects of Combat with Terrorism," Research Paper Series, Gaidar Institute for Economic Policy, issue 82P, pages 116-116.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Conflict management; international sanctions; arms embargo; international political market; pressure groups;

    JEL classification:

    • C72 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Game Theory and Bargaining Theory - - - Noncooperative Games
    • D74 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Conflict; Conflict Resolution; Alliances; Revolutions
    • K33 - Law and Economics - - Other Substantive Areas of Law - - - International Law

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