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Religion and the European Union

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Abstract

We review a recent literature on cultural differences across euro member states. We point out that this literature fails to address cultural differences between Protestants and Catholics, which are likely a major underlying reason for cross-country differences. We argue that confessional culture explains why Catholic countries tend to have weaker institutions but are more open to economic and political integration. EU policies after the economic crisis looked clumsy and failed to address all concerns, but were viable, caused only a manageable amount of serious backlash and tied in well with Europe’s cultural diversity, also providing scope for learning and adaption.

Suggested Citation

  • Benito Arruñada & Matthias Krapf, 2018. "Religion and the European Union," Economics Working Papers 1601, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Jun 2018.
  • Handle: RePEc:upf:upfgen:1601
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
    1. Adrian Chadi & Matthias Krapf, 2017. "The Protestant Fiscal Ethic: Religious Confession And Euro Skepticism In Germany," Economic Inquiry, Western Economic Association International, vol. 55(4), pages 1813-1832, October.
    2. Guiso, Luigi & Herrera, Helios & Morelli, Massimo, 2016. "Cultural Differences and Institutional Integration," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 99(S1), pages 97-113.
    3. Markus K. Brunnermeier & Harold James & Jean-Pierre Landau, 2016. "The Euro and the Battle of Ideas," Economics Books, Princeton University Press, edition 1, number 10828, October.
    4. Aleberto Alesina & Guido Tabellini & Francesco Trebbi, 2017. "Is Europe an Optimal Political Area?," Brookings Papers on Economic Activity, Economic Studies Program, The Brookings Institution, vol. 48(1 (Spring), pages 169-234.
    5. Benito Arruñada, 2010. "Protestants and Catholics: Similar Work Ethic, Different Social Ethic," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 120(547), pages 890-918, September.
    6. Becker, Sascha O. & Pfaff, Steven & Rubin, Jared, 2016. "Causes and consequences of the Protestant Reformation," Explorations in Economic History, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1-25.
    7. Guiso, Luigi & Sapienza, Paola & Zingales, Luigi, 2003. "People's opium? Religion and economic attitudes," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 225-282, January.
    8. Gregori Galofré-Vilà & Christopher M. Meissner & Martin McKee & David Stuckler, 2017. "Austerity and the rise of the Nazi party," NBER Working Papers 24106, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    9. Benito Arruñada, 2003. "Specialization and rent-seeking in moral enforcement: The case of confession," Economics Working Papers 653, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra, revised Jul 2009.
    10. Luigi Guiso & Paola Sapienza & Luigi Zingales, 2016. "Monnet’s error?," Economic Policy, CEPR;CES;MSH, vol. 31(86), pages 247-297.
    11. repec:wly:japmet:v:32:y:2017:i:5:p:1043-1053 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Christopher L. Colvin & Matthew McCracken, 2017. "Work Ethic, Social Ethic, no Ethic: Measuring the Economic Values of Modern Christians," Journal of Applied Econometrics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 32(5), pages 1043-1053, August.
    13. Michael D. Bordo & Klodiana Istrefi, 2018. "Perceived FOMC: The Making of Hawks, Doves and Swingers," NBER Working Papers 24650, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    14. Rubin,Jared, 2017. "Rulers, Religion, and Riches," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9781108400053, December.
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    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Religion and the European Union
      by maximorossi in NEP-LTV blog on 2018-05-17 20:24:46

    More about this item

    Keywords

    European Union; religion; values; culture.;

    JEL classification:

    • Z12 - Other Special Topics - - Cultural Economics - - - Religion
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration

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