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Labor Force Participation and Monetary Policy in the Wake of the Great Recession

Author

Listed:
  • Christopher J. Erceg

    (the Federal Reserve Board)

  • Andrew T. Levin

    (the Federal Reserve Board)

Abstract

In this paper, we provide compelling evidence that cyclical factors account for the bulk of the post-2007 decline in the U.S. labor force participation rate. We then pro- ceed to formulate a stylized New Keynesian model in which labor force participation is essentially acyclical during "normal times" (that is, in response to small or transitory shocks) but drops markedly in the wake of a large and persistent aggregate demand shock. Finally, we show that these considerations can have potentially crucial im- plications for the design of monetary policy, especially under circumstances in which adjustments to the short-term interest rate are constrained by the zero lower bound.

Suggested Citation

  • Christopher J. Erceg & Andrew T. Levin, 2013. "Labor Force Participation and Monetary Policy in the Wake of the Great Recession," UTokyo Price Project Working Paper Series 009, University of Tokyo, Graduate School of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:upd:utppwp:009
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure

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