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Stochastic environmental effects, demographic variation, and economic growth

Author

Listed:
  • Azomahou, Theophile

    (UNU-MERIT)

  • Mishra, Tapas

    (School of Business and Economics, University of Wales Swansea)

Abstract

We consider a stochastic environment to study interactions among pollution growth, demographic changes, and economic growth. Drawing on the empirical findings of slow convergence patterns of pollution shocks (viz., with a long-memory), we build an analytical framework where stochastic environmental feedback effects on population changes are reflected upon aggregate economic growth. Long-memory in economic growth, in our model, is shown to arise due to the inherent stochasticity in environmental and demographic system. Empirical results for a set of developed and developing countries generally support our conjecture. Simulation experiment is carried out to lend additional support to this claim.

Suggested Citation

  • Azomahou, Theophile & Mishra, Tapas, 2009. "Stochastic environmental effects, demographic variation, and economic growth," MERIT Working Papers 2009-016, United Nations University - Maastricht Economic and Social Research Institute on Innovation and Technology (MERIT).
  • Handle: RePEc:unm:unumer:2009016
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    File URL: https://www.merit.unu.edu/publications/wppdf/2009/wp2009-016.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Tapas Mishra & Claude Diebolt & Mamata Parhi, 2010. "Stochasticity in Population and Economic Growth with Past Dependence," Working Papers 10-10, Association Française de Cliométrie (AFC).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Environmental Quality; Long-memory; Demographic Dynamics; Economic Growth;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C13 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric and Statistical Methods and Methodology: General - - - Estimation: General
    • J11 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Demographic Trends, Macroeconomic Effects, and Forecasts
    • O47 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - Empirical Studies of Economic Growth; Aggregate Productivity; Cross-Country Output Convergence

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