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Institution And Development Revisited: A Nonparametric Approach

  • Sudip Ranjan Basu
  • Monica Das

The paper uses nonparametric methodology to examine the role of institutions in understanding differential levels of development across countries. By using the Li-Racine (2004) generalized kernel estimation methodology, our paper allows a deeper look into the impact of institutions on development. The analysis is carried out for a set of 102 countries over 1980 to 2004. Similar to parametric results established in the literature, the nonparametric analysis lends further support to the view that institutions matter in the development of countries in the context of economic policies and geographic factors. There is minimal evidence to suggest that institutions have a negative impact on development. Our results further indicate (a) parametric estimates suffer from misspecification bias and (b) the impact of institutional quality on development quality is heterogeneous across countries and time periods.

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Paper provided by United Nations Conference on Trade and Development in its series UNCTAD Blue Series Papers with number 42.

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Date of creation: 2010
Date of revision:
Handle: RePEc:unc:blupap:42
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  1. Olsson, Ola & Hibbs Jr., Douglas A., 2000. "Biogeography and Long-Run Economic Development," Working Papers in Economics 26, University of Gothenburg, Department of Economics, revised 11 Aug 2000.
  2. William A. Masters & Margaret S. McMillan, 2000. "Climate and Scale In Economic Growth," CID Working Papers 48, Center for International Development at Harvard University.
  3. Edwards, Sebastian, 1998. "Openness, Productivity and Growth: What Do We Really Know?," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 108(447), pages 383-98, March.
  4. Easterly, William & Levine, Ross, 2003. "Tropics, germs, and crops: how endowments influence economic development," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 50(1), pages 3-39, January.
  5. Racine, Jeff & Li, Qi, 2004. "Nonparametric estimation of regression functions with both categorical and continuous data," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 119(1), pages 99-130, March.
  6. Daron Acemoglu & Simon Johnson & James A. Robinson, 2001. "The Colonial Origins of Comparative Development: An Empirical Investigation," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 91(5), pages 1369-1401, December.
  7. David H. Romer & Jeffrey A. Frankel, 1999. "Does Trade Cause Growth?," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 89(3), pages 379-399, June.
  8. Pranab Bardhan, 2005. "Institutions matter, but which ones?," The Economics of Transition, The European Bank for Reconstruction and Development, vol. 13(3), pages 499-532, 07.
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