Post-Crisis Capital Account Regulation in South Korea and South Africa
In the immediate aftermath of the global financial crisis, the world economy was characterized as experiencing a ‘two-speed’ recovery. Industrialized nations, where the crisis occurred, saw slow growth whereas many emerging market and developing countries grew significantly. These growth differentials, coupled with significant interest rate differentials across the globe, triggered significant flows of financial capital to the emerging market and developing countries. As a result, many countries experienced sharp appreciations of their currencies and associated concerns about the development of asset bubbles. This paper examines measures taken to mitigate the harmful effects of excessive capital flows in South Korea and South Africa. Each of these nations experienced similar surges in inflows with associated exchange rate and asset bubble woes, but each took quite different approaches in an attempt to mitigate those effects. South Korea devised a series of capital account regulations on the inflow of capital whereas South Africa liberalized their existing regulations on capital outflows. We econometrically analyze the effectiveness of these measures and find some limited evidence that both countries’ measures were successful in lessening the appreciation and volatility of their exchanges rates. These nations were less successful in stemming asset bubbles.
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- Aizenman, Joshua & Jinjarak, Yothin & Park, Donghyun, 2011.
"Capital flows and economic growth in the era of financial integration and crisis, 1990-2010,"
Santa Cruz Department of Economics, Working Paper Series
qt3003w1qd, Department of Economics, UC Santa Cruz.
- Joshua Aizenman & Yothin Jinjarak & Donghyun Park, 2013. "Capital Flows and Economic Growth in the Era of Financial Integration and Crisis, 1990–2010," Open Economies Review, Springer, vol. 24(3), pages 371-396, July.
- Joshua Aizenman & Yothin Jinjarak & Donghyun Park, 2011. "Capital Flows and Economic Growth in the Era of Financial Integration and Crisis, 1990-2010," NBER Working Papers 17502, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
- Marcos Chamon & Marcio Garcia, 2013. "Capital controls in Brazil: effective?," Textos para discussão 606, Department of Economics PUC-Rio (Brazil).
- Calderon, Cesar & Kubota, Megumi, 2012. "Gross inflows gone wild : gross capital inflows, credit booms and crises," Policy Research Working Paper Series 6270, The World Bank.
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